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 Zachariah Thomas Beard

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Zachariah Thomas Beard

  • Birth 4 Jul 1845 Portland, Adair County, Kentucky, USA
  • Death 8 Aug 1919 Portland, Adair County, Kentucky, USA
  • Burial Portland, Adair County, Kentucky, USA
  • Plot only civil war marker in cemetery
  • Memorial ID 7858138

Civil War Veteran, son of Charles Francis Beard and Elizabeth Jane Brewer Beard. Husband of 1.Mary Francis Leftwich, and 2.Sarah Elizabeth Pickett. Grandson of John Thomas Beard and Jemimah Beard. Mr. Beard had the following siblings : John Richard Beard, George Alfred Beard, Cynthia Ann Beard/Leftwich,and William Buford Beard. He served his country during the Civil War enlisted in Comapany L (volunteers) 13th Kentucky Calvary USA. Zachariah enlisted as a Private in the Union Army on Nov 1, 1863 at Columbia, KY. He was mustered into the 13th KY Cavalry Co. L on Dec 23, 1863 and was mustered out of service at Camp Nelson, KY on Jan 10, 1865.

The people who lived in the counties of Eastern-Southern Kentucky from Green river to the Tennessee border were largely Unionist and were made the prey of bands of Confederate rangers as well as suffered from the movements of the larger Confederate organizations. It was necessary for them to organize for their self-defense. They had rallied to the standards of Wolford, Hoskins, Ward, Hobson and others, but the regiments which were at first raised had gone to the front and were fighting for the Union on distant battle fields. There was need for troops at home, and, in fact, a man could find greater safety in an armed organization than at his home. The condition of affairs led to the formation of a regiment at Columbia, Ky., beginning in the summer of 1863; it was organized by Col. J.W. Weatherford, who had been a major in the 8th Ky. Calvary, and it became the 13th Ky. Calvary. The men were familiar with the country of Eastern-Southern Kentucky, and the regiment was employed mainly in that section. The regiment went at once into active duty even while in process of formation, and before it was mustered into service, which was December 23, 1863. In September and October it was engaged in protecting the country from Lebanon southward. October 29th seven companies were sent after the Richardson raiders. They marched seventy-five miles in fourteen hours, surprized Richardson, and ran him across the Cumberland. October 31st four companies were at Columbia nad one at Lebanon, the others at other points. December 6th three scouting parties of one hundred men each were sent out, one to cross the Cumberland river at Creelsboro, one at Celina, and one at Burksville. They were to meet at Livingston, Tenn. The movements were successful. Fifteen of the raiding enemies called guerrillas were killed and twenty-three captured, and their horses taken.

December 31st the 13th was in Gen. Hobson's department of Southern-Central Kentucky. It remained in his command for a number of months. March 23, 1864, the regiment still being on duty in the same station, Gen. Hobson reported that some of its men under Maj. Rigney had fought with Col. Hamilton on Cumberland river, and captured twelve of his gang.

May 14, 1864, Col. Weatherford reported from Burksville that he had encountered the enemy at Wolfe river losing two men killed, nad others wounded, and having captured eight prisioners, including a captian. During the summer the 13th was brigaded in the brigade of Col. Clinton J. True in Hobson's division.

When Morgan raided the state in June, 1864, from Pound Gap and made his way to Cynthiana where he was routed and scattered, the 13th was on duty at Lebanon for the protection of that section.

August 27, 1864, the 13th was at Point Burnside; August 31, 1864, it was brigaded with the 35th Ky., Col. Starling, and 40th Ky., Col. True, in the 1st Brigade (Gen. Hobson), of Gen. McLean's division. September 16th the 13th was ordered to concentrate at Mt. Sterling with the other troops under Gen. Hobson, Col. John Mason Brown, Col. Hanson and others, for the expedition to Saltville, VA. It participated in thes campaign and was engaged in all its severe fighting and hard marching. In the battle at Saltville the 13th lost four men killed and 13 wounded. Returning from this expedition the 13th was at Mt. Sterling, Lexington and Crab Orchard. December 17, 1864 Gen. McLean ordered the regiment to Camp Nelson. It remained there on duty until January 10, 1865, when it was mustered out on account of expiration of term of service.

The service of the 13th was over fifteen months, and the entire time was spent in active work; it engaged in mumberless skirmishes and some severe engagements. It never failed to perform every duty required, and had the absolute confidence of the commanding officers.

"Life is a span, a fleeting hour,
 How soon the vapor flies! 
Man is a tender, transient flower,
 That even in blooming dies,"

"That once loved form, now cold and dead,
 Each mournful thought employs: 
We weep our earthly comforts fled, 
 And withered all our joys."

"They laid thee in thy quiet grave, 
 Few mourners 'round thy tomb, 
And few the pitying friends that near 
Disturbed with faltering sigh or tear 
The graveyard's silent gloom."

While the dreams of love still thrill the soul,
 With mingled bliss and pain,
Or summers dying leaves can bring
 Regrets o'er lifes fast fading spring
 Thy memory must remain.





  • Created by: BeardKY
  • Added: 10 Sep 2003
  • Find A Grave Memorial 7858138
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Zachariah Thomas Beard (4 Jul 1845–8 Aug 1919), Find A Grave Memorial no. 7858138, citing Beard Cemetery, Portland, Adair County, Kentucky, USA ; Maintained by BeardKY (contributor 46543975) .