He was a surveyor,adventurer, soldier, mapmaker and a member of he House of Burgess, the legislature of the colony of Virginia. He was educated at Oxford and upon arrival he was made a professor at William & Mary College. He created an important map of Virginia along with Peter Jefferson, Thomas Jefferson's father. In the early days of the French and Indian War he was given command of the Virginia Regiment and ordered to take the French Fort Duquesne near present day Pittsburg. During the advance he died at Cumberland, MD and George Washington succeeded him in command.
A longer version submitted by Heather Ford (48941312)
Col. Joshua FRY was educated at Oxford, England, emigrated to Virginia previous to 1710, during which year he was vestryman Essex Parish, Virginia, Magistrate Essex County, Virginia, 1710-1720; here he married Mrs. Mary Micou Hill, of Hugenot descent; Master of Grammar School William and Mary College, 1729; Professor of Natural Philosophy and Mathematics at William and Mary College, 1732 to 1737; Presiding Justice, Surveyor and County Lieutenant for Albemarle County, Virginia, at its formation, February 28th, 1745. Together with his intimate friend Peter JEFFERSON (father of Thomas JEFFERSON) he was Commissioner in 1745-1749 of the Crown in marking boundary lines between Virginia and North Carolina. Joint author of FRY and JEFFERSON's map of Virginia in 1749; Commissioner for Crown at Treaty of Logstown (near Pittsburg) with six Nation Indians in 1752; Member of House of Burgesses, 1745-1754, and Council; commissioned 25th February, 1754, by Governor Dinwidie as Colonel and Commander-in-Chief of the Virginia forces in French and Indian War, his compensation being 15 shillings ($3.75) per day and £Ioo per year for his table. George WASHINGTON was the Lieutenant Colonel, compensation as such per day 12s. 6d. ($3.I2J). While in command at Fort Cumberland, Vriginia, on the Potomac River, he d. 31st May, 1754, and was buried near there. George WASHINGTON, who, by reason of Colonel FRY's death became Commander in Chief, and the Army attended the funeral, and on a large oak tree which served as a tomb and monument to his memory, George WASHINGTON cut the following inscription: "Under this oak lies the body of THE GOOD, THE JUST AND THE NOBLE FRY" ("Memoir of Col. Joshua Fry,"-Rev. P. Slaughter.)∼Col Joshua Fry was born in England and educated at Oxford University. He sailed to Virginia in the early 1700s and from 1710-1720 was a magistrate in Essex Co., Virginia. He married Mary Micou Hill, daughter of Dr. Paul Micou, a French Huguenot physician and the widow of Col. Hill, a landowner on the Rappahannock River.
Col. Fry served as President of mathematics at the College of Willian and Mary. Between 1726 and 1739, he patented 10,000 acres of land on both sides of the Robinson River in Spottsylvania Co., now Culpeper and Madison Counties.
By 1738 Col. Fry was serving in the House of Burgesses, where he, Maj. Robert Brooke and Major William Mayo proposed a survey of the colony. In 1745, Peter Jefferson and Col. William Cabell were appointed surveyors under Col. Fry. Fry himelf surveyed 368 tracts. Fry was also appointed one of the Commissioners of the Crown for marking the line between the headsprings of the Potomac and Rappahannock Rivers. In the same year, Fry and Peter Jefferson completed the historic Fry-Jefferson Map of Virginia.
Col. Fry negotiated the Treaty of Logstown in 1752, between the British and the Shawnee, Mingo and Delaware tribes.
The peace did not last and in 1754, Col. Fry was appointed to command the Virginia Forces in the French and Indian war. He and his subordinate, George Washington (later to become President) rode west from Alexandria on April, 1754. When they reached Fort Cumberland on the Potomac on May 31, Col. Joshua Fry was killed and buried on the banks of Wills Creek.
Col. Fry's second in command, George Washington succeeded him and went on to a notable military career.
Col. Fry left behind five children: John, Henry, Martha, William and Margaret. To his son Henry (1738-1808) Col. Joshua Fry left all lands he owned on the Robinson River.
Thank you Janet M. for the following information: Father of John Fry and Henry Fry; second great-grandfather of James Speed (1812-1887); fourth great-grandfather of Olive Speed (1869-1948); who married Frederic Mosley Sackett.