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 Georges Cuvier

Georges Cuvier

Birth
Montbeliard, Departement du Doubs, Franche-Comté, France
Death 13 May 1832 (aged 62)
Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Burial Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Plot Division 8
Memorial ID 7733 · View Source
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Naturalist, anatomist and zoologist. Born Johann Leopold Nicolaus Friedrich Kuefer the son of a retired military officer at Montbéliard, Württemberg on the French-Swiss border. He attended school at the Carolinian Academy in Stuttgart. In 1795 he was appointed as an assistant to the professor of comparative anatomy at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris. In 1799 he became a professor of natural history at the College de France. Under Napoleon, Cuvier was appointed State Councilor and Inspector-General of public education. Cuvier believed there was no evidence for the evolution of organic forms but rather for successive creations after catastrophic extinction events. His first palaeontological paper, “Mémoires sur les espèces d'éléphants vivants et fossiles”,was published in 1800. His work is considered the foundation of vertebrate paleontology. In 1803 he was chosen as the the physical and natural sciences perpetual secretary for the National Institute. After the restoration of the monarchy Cuvier managed to preserve his status and in 1826 he was made grand officer of the Legion of Honour. Cuvier expanded Linneaun taxonomy by grouping classes into phyla. He arranged both fossils and living species in this taxonomy he believed that it was function not hypothetical relationships, that should form the basis of classification and his work established the basic principles of biostratigraphy. In 1831 he was created Baron Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert Cuvier. He was elected chancellor of the university, and acted as interim president of the council of public instruction despite his personal predjudice against popularization or democratization of scientific knowledge. In 1832 he was nominated to the ministry of the interior, but died in Paris that May of cholera.

Bio by: Iola


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 19 Dec 1999
  • Find A Grave Memorial 7733
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Georges Cuvier (24 Aug 1769–13 May 1832), Find A Grave Memorial no. 7733, citing Cimetière du Père Lachaise, Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France ; Maintained by Find A Grave .