Alfonso III

Alfonso III

Coimbra, Coimbra Municipality, Coimbra, Portugal
Death 16 Feb 1279 (aged 68)
Alcobaca, Alcobaça Municipality, Leiria, Portugal
Burial Alcobaca, Alcobaça Municipality, Leiria, Portugal
Memorial ID 7640759 · View Source
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Portuguese Monarch. Born in Coimbra, the second son of Afonso II and his wife, Urraca of Castile. Alfonso was raised largely in France, and there married Matilda, Countess of Boulogne in 1238. Within ten years, Pope Innocent IV came into conflict with Sancho II, Alfonso's brother and Portugal's king. The pope ordered Sancho removed from the throne and replaced by the count of Bolougne. The unpopular Sancho was summarily exiled to Castile and Alfonso ascended to the throne after divesting himself of his wife and the title she brought to their marriage. In 1253, Alfonso married Beatriz of Castile, daughter of Alfonso X the Wise of Castile. In 1254, Alfonso held the first session of the Cortes, the kingdom's general assembly. Credited as a notable administrator, he founded several towns; instituted administrative and financial reforms, encouraged commerce, reorganized public administration, and made laws restraining the upper classes from abusing the lower. He initiated a Reconquista of Portugal against Moorish settlers in the south, capturing Faro and adding Algarve as part of the kingdom. Alfonso was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Diniz.

Bio by: Iola

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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: girlofcelje
  • Added: 30 Jun 2003
  • Find a Grave Memorial 7640759
  • Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Alfonso III (5 May 1210–16 Feb 1279), Find a Grave Memorial no. 7640759, citing Mosterio de Santa Maria, Alcobaca, Alcobaça Municipality, Leiria, Portugal ; Maintained by Find A Grave .