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 Jean Moulin

Jean Moulin

Birth
Beziers, Departement de l'Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
Death 8 Jul 1943 (aged 44)
Metz, Departement de la Moselle, Lorraine, France
Burial Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Plot Division 87 (columbarium), urn 3857
Memorial ID 7633 · View Source
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French Resistance Fighter. He was the son of a history professor born in the small Southern French town of Belziers. He served briefly in the French Air force during the start of the Second World War. His political career began with a local civil service appointment then he advanced to the national level. From attachment to the cabinet of the mayor of Montpellier, he was named sub-mayor of Albertville, then a Popular Front leader organizing clandestine assistance to the Spanish Republicans fighting against General Franco. Moulin became mayor of Aveyron and held the post of Perfect (administrator) for the entire region of Eire-et-Loir at the time of German occupation. He was arrested by the Gestapo and tortured as a suspected communist. Moulin tried to end his ordeal by cutting his own throat. Rushed to a hospital, he survived but was sacked from his post by the French Vichy government. He then devoted his life to resisting the Germans and their puppets by making contact with various Resistance movements in Southern France. Smuggled out of the country for a meeting with Charles de Gaulle, he was then parachuted back into France with funds for the movements. During a second meeting in London, de Gualle entrusted him with the task of completely organizing the Resistance while naming him head of the movement. Upon his return to France, the German occupiers and their Vichy puppets faced a popular organized Resistance. The Gestapo were soon on Moulin's trail. It is known that betrayed by fellow Frenchmen, he was captured during a secret trip to Lyons, in a park by Klaus Barbie's Gestapo agents. He died under their torture. Steadfastly maintaining his silence, he spent his days enduring interrogation at Gestapo headquarters at the Ecole de Sante Militaire and then was returned nights to Fort Montluc Prison. His arms and legs were broken as were most of his ribs. Physically depleted, Barbie transferred the broken Moulin to Paris for interrogation by experts. Many inconsistency surround the death of Moulin during his transfer and final arrival in Paris dead.. A death certificate filed by the Chef of Police indicates Metz, France while other documents place his death in Frankfurt, Germany. From wherever, his body was supposedly sent to Paris where it was incinerated at the Pere Lachaise Cemetery crematory and deposited in a numbered urn and stored. During the trial of Klaus Barbie in the late Post War, he related that he had personally driven the French Resistance leader to Paris and turned him over to expert interrogators because of his inability to secure information. In the postwar,the French settled on Jean Moulin to honor and thus booster their sad collaboration record during the Second World War. They merely accepted German records as true and removed the urn from Pere Lachaise Cemetery as his and enshrined them in the Paris Pantheon in 1964. No matter who is the occupant of the fabled urn or where the body of Jean Moulin was dumped, he was honored as a revered resistance leader and martyr. More than anything else, he gave the French people back their honor. Jean Moulin never carried a gun - but he made the Resistance by his ability to organize the many factions in occupied France who ultimately played such an important part in the liberation of the country. Jean Moulin is considered the greatest hero to immerge from World War II of any nationality. Town squares all over France have monuments to him. Jean Moulin Museum in Paris deals with the French Resistance. The University of Lyon has a network of six institutions located in France. The Lyon branch was renamed The Jean Moulin University. Many Primary schools have him as their namesake. Countless roads and streets and even french children were honored as well as Jean Moulin by being baptized using his name. President Charles de Gualle named him the greatest Martyr of all times.

Bio by: Donald Greyfield


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 12 Dec 1999
  • Find A Grave Memorial 7633
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Jean Moulin (20 Jun 1899–8 Jul 1943), Find A Grave Memorial no. 7633, citing Cimetière du Père Lachaise, Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France ; Maintained by Find A Grave .