Economist. Born to Charles H. Tugwell (1868-1949), a businessman and farmer, and Dessie Rexford Tugwell (1869-1961), Rexford Guy Tugwell had great influence on the New Deal response to the Great Depression. Graduated from the University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of Finance and Commerce: BS 1915 and PhD 1922 (Thesis: Economic Basis of Public Interest). Taught economics at the University of Pennsylvania, 1915-1917, and the University of Washington, 1917-1918. Professor economics at Columbia University, 1920-1937. Adviser to Franklin D. Roosevelt in the presidential campaign of 1932. Became a part of FDR's Brain Trust by being named Assistant Secretary of the Department of Agriculture (1933), where with Henry A. Wallace he worked to design and implement the Agricultural Adjustment Act, a major effort of the New Deal. Deputy Secretary of the Department of Agriculture, (1934-1937). In 1938 Tugwell was named Chairman of the New York City Planning Commission. Governor of Puerto Rico, 1941-1946. Taught at the University of Chicago, 1946-1957, and served as a Senior Fellow at the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions (santa Barbara, California), 1957-1964. Prolific author, whose works included: Mr. Hoover's Economic Policy (1932); A Chronicle of Jeopardy (1955); The Democratic Roosevelt (1957); The Art of Politics (1958); The Enlargement of the Presidency (1960); How They Became President: Thirty-Five Ways to the White House (1965); The Brains Trust (1968); The Ecoonomic Basis of Public Interest (1968); Off Course: From Truman to Nixon (1971); FDR: Architect of an Era (1972); In Search of Roosevelt (1972); The Presidency Reappraised (1972); The Emerging Constitution (1974); Roosevelt's Revolution, The First Year: A Personal Perspective (1977).
Grace Falke Tugwell
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