Marcel Alexandre Bertrand

Marcel Alexandre Bertrand

Birth
Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Death 13 Feb 1907 (aged 59)
Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Burial Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Memorial ID 74868040 · View Source
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Geologist. The founder of modern tectonics. Son of mathematician Joseph Louis François Bertrand, he graduated from École Polytechnique and the École Nationale Supérieure des Mines in Paris of which he would later return as a professor. Bertrand is noted for his geologic surveys of the Provence region of south eastern France and the Jura and Alps mountain ranges. His 1887 "wave theory" of structure and evolution of the lithosphere concludes that the European mountains were formed by the successive folding and over thrusting of the Earth's crust and uppermost mantle over four distinct creation periods. His research forms the basis of modern tectonics, the study of the large scale motions of the Earth's crust.

Bio by: Samuel Taylor Geer


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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Samuel Taylor Geer
  • Added: 13 Aug 2011
  • Find a Grave Memorial 74868040
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Marcel Alexandre Bertrand (2 Jul 1847–13 Feb 1907), Find a Grave Memorial no. 74868040, citing Cimetière de Montparnasse, Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France ; Maintained by Find A Grave .