Louis de Buade (Comte) de Frontenac et Palluau

Louis de Buade (Comte) de Frontenac et Palluau

Birth
Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Departement des Yvelines, Île-de-France, France
Death 28 Nov 1698 (aged 76)
Quebec, Capitale-Nationale Region, Quebec, Canada
Burial Quebec, Capitale-Nationale Region, Quebec, Canada
Memorial ID 7365813 · View Source
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French Colonial Governor. Born on May 22nd, 1622 in St-Germain-en-Laye, (France). In 1635, he enlisted in the army and fought in the Netherlands and in Italy. In 1646, he is promoted to the rank of is raised(brought up) to brigadier, rank which, nowadays, would be equivalent to that of brigadier general. Like a great number of noble of his time, he was a very prodigal man and therefore he contracted many debts. Becoming impoverished quickly, this situation encouraged him to accept on April 7, 1642 his commision as governor of New France. As governor, he had the absolute authority in the military affairs. However, during his first mandate, he neglected this significant function and rather dealt with the territorial expansion in order to increase extremely advantageous position in the fur trading. Within the framework of this territorial expansion, he founded in 1673 Fort Frontenac, trading post on Lake Ontario, where the Canadian town of Kingston rises today. A proud and quarrelsome man, he entered in conflict with the local intendants, first Jacques Duchesneau de la Doussinière, then Ambault. In 1682, Paris decided to call back at the same moment Frontenac and Ambault. In October 1689, when he was named governor for the second time, he acceptedhis charge this time with more precise instructions about the defense of the colony. He had two significant occasions to show the extent of his duty. The first one was in 1690, when he pushed back an naval attack on the city of Québec by a British fleet under the command of Admiral William Phipps. This episode became very famous because Frontenac retorted to the Phips' officer demand of surrender by shouting him the following sentence: " Go tell your master that I shall answer him by the mouth of my artillery!. "Then, in 1696, he undertook a campaign against the Iroquois, whose attacks seriously endangered New France. From a military point of view, he had no contemporary equal in America. He was respected by the Amerndians who nicknamed him " Big Onontio " (Great Leader). He made alliances with them and his military engineering also allowed him to develop an effective defensive organization, especially towards the much more populous English colonies in the South. He died in his capital city of Québec on November 28th, 1698.

Bio by: Guy Gagnon


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: Guy Gagnon
  • Added: 18 Apr 2003
  • Find A Grave Memorial 7365813
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Louis de Buade (Comte) de Frontenac et Palluau (22 May 1622–28 Nov 1698), Find A Grave Memorial no. 7365813, citing Basilique-Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Québec, Quebec, Capitale-Nationale Region, Quebec, Canada ; Maintained by Find A Grave .