Fritz Haber

Fritz Haber

Wrocław, Miasto Wrocław, Dolnośląskie, Poland
Death 29 Jan 1934 (aged 65)
Basel, Basel-Stadt, Basel-Stadt, Switzerland
Burial Riehen, Basel-Stadt, Basel-Stadt, Switzerland
Memorial ID 73598708 · View Source
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Nobel Prize Laureate Scientist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1918. Born to a Hasidic Jewish family, though later converting to Lutheranism, he studied at Heidelberg University, the Humboldt University of Berlin, and the Technical University of Berlin. As a professor (from 1898) at the University of Karlsruhe, he developed with Carl Bosch the Haber-Bosch Process, the catalytic production of ammonia from hydrogen and atmospheric nitrogen, valuable in creating both fertilizers and explosives, which won him the Nobel Prize. From 1911 through 1933, he was a professor at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry in Berlin, which is now known as the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society (since 1953). During World War I, like his French counterpart Victor Grignard, he was responsible for the development of chemical warfare, for which he was decorated by the German government and awarded the military rank of Captain. After the war, he made extensive studies in electrochemistry, including the extraction of gold from seawater, which ultimately proved uneconomic. He left Germany in 1933 due to the Nazi persecution of Jewish scientists, though the Nazis offered to continue funding his work. Awarded the directorship at the Sieff Research Institute in then Palestine (now the Weizmann Institute) in 1934, he died of a heart attack in Switzerland while traveling to his new position.

Bio by: Kenneth Gilbert

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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Garver Graver
  • Added: 19 Jul 2011
  • Find a Grave Memorial 73598708
  • Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Fritz Haber (9 Dec 1868–29 Jan 1934), Find a Grave Memorial no. 73598708, citing Friedhof am Hörnli, Riehen, Basel-Stadt, Basel-Stadt, Switzerland ; Maintained by Find A Grave .