French Historian and Statesman. Fellow of history and professor at the Lycée Louis le Grand, he was appointed in 1840 as master of conferences at the Ecole Normale, and, in 1846, Guizot's assistant at the Sorbonne. His work, "L'esclavage dans les colonies" (1847), caused him to enter public life. He became assistant deputy for Guadeloupe at the Constituent Assembly and representative for the Department of the Nord at the Legislative Assembly in 1849, but he resigned in 1850 when the law restricting suffrage was passed. Professor of history at the Sorbonne, a member of the Academy of Inscriptions, prior to becoming its permanent secretary, in 1871, he was deputy from the Nord to the National Assembly, where he sat on the Right Centre. On May 24, 1873, he voted against Thiers and the Broglie ministry. The attempted restoration of the monarchy having failed, he allied himself with his friends on the Left Centre and to him was due the amendment which brought about the passage of the constitutional laws. He was then called the "Father of the Republic." As minister of public instruction in Buffet's cabinet (March 1875 to March 1876), he favored the vote which secured liberty of higher education on July 26, 1875. He was appointed senator for life at the end of the same year and he defended Catholic interests in the Senate on the various occasions when they were under discussion. He was dean of the Paris Faculty of Letters for eleven years from 1876 to 1887. Of all his work, the following were most well-known: "Du monotheisme chez les races semitique" (1859), "Jeanne d'Arc" (1860), "La vie de Jésus et son nouvel historien" (1864), "Vie de Notre Seigneur Jésus Christ" (1805), "La Terreur" (1873), "Saint Louis et son temps" (1875), and "les répresentants du peuple en mission et la justice revolutionnaire en Pan II" (1889-90).
Bio by: Glendora