Egyptian Pharaoh. Born in the mid 14th century B.C.E. near Avaris on the far side of the Nile Delta from where Alexandria stands today. He was not of royal blood, his father Seti was a troop commander and judge. His original name was Paramessu. He became vizier during the reign or Horemheb, successor to Tutankamun, and held many important titles. He ultimately became co-regent with Horemheb and succeeded him as Pharaoh under the name Ramses (Ra Has Fashioned Him). He was a strong military leader and had reliefs carved on the Second Pylon at Karnak. He began construction of a chapel and temple at Abydos which his son, Seti I, completed; reopened turquoise mines in the Sinai and led at least one military expedition into western Asia. He ruled Egypt's 19th Dynasty from about 1292 to 1290 BC. When his tomb, much smaller than the ones belonging to Seti I and Ramses II, was discovered in 1817, it had been robbed in ancient times and his mummy was also missing. The mummy was not found with the discovery of the Deir el-Bahari cache of royal mummies in 1881; the missing mummy was assumed to be Ramses I because an empty coffin bore that name. In the latter part of the 19th century, a mummy was legally sold out of Egypt which eventually found its way to the Niagara Falls Museum in Niagara Falls, New York. It lay there on display until 1998 when it was sold with other artifacts to the Carlos Museum at Emory University. Intensive research and the opinions of Egyptian experts led to this mummy being identified as Ramses I and it was returned with great ceremony to Egypt where it lies with Seti I, Ramses II (the Great) and other royal mummies in Cairo.
Bio by: Vincent Astor