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Cardinal Paul Melchers

Cardinal Paul Melchers

Birth
Munster, Stadtkreis Münster, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
Death 14 Dec 1895 (aged 82)
Rome, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy
Burial Cologne, Stadtkreis Köln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
Plot Bischofsgruft.
Memorial ID 7252212 · View Source
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Roman Catholic Cardinal. Archbishop of Cologne and cardinal. Born in Münster, he studied in Bonn, Münster and Munich. He was ordained in 1841. In 1857, Pope Pius IX appointed him bishop of Osnabrück and in 1866 transfered him to become archbishop of Cologne. He took an active role in the Vatican I Council mostly regarding the proceedings that led to the proclamation of papal infaillibility. The encroachment and repressive measures put forward by the Bismarck government with the Kulturkampf were firmly resisted by Archbishop Melchers. In June, 1873, he excommunicated two priests who had joined the Old Catholics; for this and other administrative acts he was fined and imprisoned for six months (12 March-Oct., 1874). On 2 December, 1875, the President of the Rhine Province demanded his resignation on pain of deposition; he refused, but learning that preparations were being made to deport him to Küstrin he escaped (13 Dec.) to the Dutch town of Maestritch and took refuge there with the Franciscans. From their monastery he administered his diocese for ten years. Knowing, however, the temper of the German Government, and fearing that his absence from his see would prove injurious to religion, he on different occasions informed Pope Leo XIII of his willingness to resign for the general good. The pope at last reluctantly consented, but called him to Rome, and created him cardinal (27 July, 1885). In 1892 during a serious illness he was received into the Society of Jesus and lived as a Jesuit until his death in Rome three years later, on December 14, 1895.

Bio by: Guy Gagnon


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  • Created by: Guy Gagnon
  • Added: 10 Mar 2003
  • Find A Grave Memorial 7252212
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Cardinal Paul Melchers (6 Jan 1813–14 Dec 1895), Find A Grave Memorial no. 7252212, citing Kölner Dom, Cologne, Stadtkreis Köln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany ; Maintained by Guy Gagnon (contributor 46487758) .