Roman Statesman, General, and Author. A kinsman of Roman Proconsul Gaius Marius, Julius Caesar first rose to fame as a praetorian general, and his campaigns in Spain earned him a term as Consul of the Roman Republic. As his political stature increased (largely because of his personal spending on public events), Caesar became an integral part of Rome's "First Triumvarate" with Crassius and Pompey. This coalition would control most of Roman politics from 60-51 BCE. Caesar would go on to greater success with campaigns in Northern Europe, bringing a large portion of the continent under Rome's control through both military and diplomatic means. These campaigns are chronicled in his literary masterpiece, "The Gallic Wars". Returning from his conquest of Britain, Caesar breached Roman protocol and entered crossed the Rubicon River north of Rome without disbanding his army, initiating civil war. Caesar would eventually establish an essentially personal rule in Rome and would strengthen Roman hegemony in Greece, Egypt, and Asia Minor, installing client rulers such as Cleopatra and essentially dispensing with much of the pluralism that had defined the Roman Republic. Though popular with the masses, Caesar's dismissal of republican principles angered and frightened Rome's elite. Caesar was assassinated in the Senate on March 15, 44 BCE by a cabal that included former allies Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Brutus Albinus, and Gaius Trebonius.
Bio by: Stuthehistoryguy