Civil Rights Leader. He was the founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and the first black leader in American history to organize masses of people in a political movement. In 1918 he started "The Negro World", the weekly newspaper of the U.N.I.A. which was published in French and Spanish as well as English. The paper published African history with heroes that were glorified. By 1920, the organization boasted over 1,100 branches in more than 40 countries throughout the United States, the Caribbean, Latin America and Africa. Garvey claimed over a million people had joined his organization in 3 years. In nine years, he had built the largest mass movement of people of African descent in American history. It all begin to fail after Garvey was convicted of mail fraud and deported from the United States after his release from prison in November of 1927. The Black Star Line failed because of reported mismanagement and lack of sufficient funds. Garvey returned to his homeland of Jamaica. In Jamaica as well as in London ,where he later moved, he continued his work until his death in June of 1940. He was originally buried in Kendal Green Cemetery in London, and in 1964 his remains were later moved to National Heroes Park in Kingston, Jamaica.
Bio by: Curtis Jackson