Holland Monarch, French Royalty. Called the "Flower of the Bonapartes", she was born Hortense Eugenie, the daughter of Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais and Josephine Tascher de la Pagerie. Her father was executed during the Reign of Terror, and her mother then married Napoleon Bonaparte, becoming Empress of France. At the request of her new adopted father, Hortense married his brother Louis Bonaparte on January 3, 1802. Shortly thereafter Napoleon made the couple King and Queen of Holland. Although three sons were born, the union was an unhappy one (the paternity of at least one of the sons can be called into question), and they seperated in 1810. Hortense had a fourth son by her long-time lover, the Count of Flahaut. Despite the dissolution of her mother's marriage to Napoleon and the unhappy state of her own marriage, Hortense was a loyal Bonapartist, and supported Napoleon after his return from exile on Elba in 1815. After Napoleon's final defeat, Hortense was banished from France. She settled in Arenenberg, Switzerland where she died at the age of 54. Her eldest son Charles would become Emperor Napoleon III.
Bio by: Kristen Conrad
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte
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