Head of Operations Staff of the German Army, 1939-1945. A professional soldier and Hitler's principal military adviser. Found guilty at Nuremberg of war crimes, and crimes against humanity. However in 1953 a de-nazification court found that he had been wrongfully accused as his operational activities did not transgress international law. He was therefore posthumously acquitted. His remains were cremated in the oven at Dachau concentration camp along with many other Nazi criminals. The ashes were raked out and scattered into the Wenzbach/Conwentzbach, a small stream in Munich. He has a cenotaph in the family plot in the Fraueninsel Cemetery, Chiemsee, Germany.