First Chief Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court. Only foreign born Chief Justice in North Carolina state history. Served in the North Carolina House of Commons; became a Superior Court judge and turned over his law practice to his brother-in-law, William Gaston, who later became a North Carolina Supreme Court judge and U.S. Congressman. Came to America age twelve years and studied at William and Mary College. Was a Sixth and Tenth Grand Master of Masons of North Carolina. Stayed in office at the Supreme court until his death.