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 Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr.

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Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr. Famous memorial

Birth
Munfordville, Hart County, Kentucky, USA
Death
18 Jun 1945 (aged 58)
Burial
Frankfort, Franklin County, Kentucky, USA
Plot
Section I Lot 464A Grave 1
Memorial ID
6925151 View Source

US Army General. A combat veteran of World War II, he rose in rank to become the Commander of 10th US Army. The son of Confederate General and Kentucky Governor Simon Bolivar Buckner, Sr. he attended the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington, Virginia before receiving an appointment to the US Military Academy at West Point, New York and graduated in 1908. His early military career saw him serving two tours in the Philippines and during World War I he was a discipline instructor for new aviation cadets. Following the war he served a tactical officer at West Point for four years, a student at the Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia, followed by four years at Army Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, four years at the Army War College at Washington DC, and four years as the Assistant Commandant and Commandant of Cadets at West Point. In September 1936 he was assigned to Fort Sam Houston, Texas as the Executive Office for the 23rd Infantry Regiment. In January 1937 he was promoted to the rank of colonel and became commander of the 66th Infantry at Fort Meade, Maryland and the following year he was assigned as commander of the 22nd Infantry at Fort McClellan, Alabama. From November 1939 until August 1940, he had staff assignments at Camp Jackson, South Carolina, Fort Benning, Georgia, and Camp Beauregard, Louisiana. He was then promoted to the rank of brigadier general and given command of the Alaska Defense Command and promoted to the rank of major general in August 1941. After the US declared war on Japan on December 7, 1941, the Japanese invaded Alaska's outer Aleutian Islands of Kiska and Attu the following June. From May to August 1943, he helped to direct the invasion of US forces to drive out the Japanese, and he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general. In June 1944 he was assigned to Hawaii to organize the 10th Army in preparation for the invasion of Okinawa. The Battle of Okinawa commenced in April 1945, and it became the largest, slowest, and bloodiest sea-land battle in American military history. On June 18, 1945, while inspecting a forward observation post, he was mortally wounded by Japanese artillery fire and died at the age of 58. He was one of the four highest ranking military officers to die during World War Ii and was the highest ranking to be killed by enemy fire. His military decorations and awards include the Distinguished Service Cross, the Army Distinguished Service Medal, the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, the Purple Heart, the World War I Victory Medal, the American Defense Service Medal, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, and the World War II Victory Medal. He was posthumously promoted to the rank of general on July 19, 1954.

US Army General. A combat veteran of World War II, he rose in rank to become the Commander of 10th US Army. The son of Confederate General and Kentucky Governor Simon Bolivar Buckner, Sr. he attended the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington, Virginia before receiving an appointment to the US Military Academy at West Point, New York and graduated in 1908. His early military career saw him serving two tours in the Philippines and during World War I he was a discipline instructor for new aviation cadets. Following the war he served a tactical officer at West Point for four years, a student at the Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia, followed by four years at Army Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, four years at the Army War College at Washington DC, and four years as the Assistant Commandant and Commandant of Cadets at West Point. In September 1936 he was assigned to Fort Sam Houston, Texas as the Executive Office for the 23rd Infantry Regiment. In January 1937 he was promoted to the rank of colonel and became commander of the 66th Infantry at Fort Meade, Maryland and the following year he was assigned as commander of the 22nd Infantry at Fort McClellan, Alabama. From November 1939 until August 1940, he had staff assignments at Camp Jackson, South Carolina, Fort Benning, Georgia, and Camp Beauregard, Louisiana. He was then promoted to the rank of brigadier general and given command of the Alaska Defense Command and promoted to the rank of major general in August 1941. After the US declared war on Japan on December 7, 1941, the Japanese invaded Alaska's outer Aleutian Islands of Kiska and Attu the following June. From May to August 1943, he helped to direct the invasion of US forces to drive out the Japanese, and he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general. In June 1944 he was assigned to Hawaii to organize the 10th Army in preparation for the invasion of Okinawa. The Battle of Okinawa commenced in April 1945, and it became the largest, slowest, and bloodiest sea-land battle in American military history. On June 18, 1945, while inspecting a forward observation post, he was mortally wounded by Japanese artillery fire and died at the age of 58. He was one of the four highest ranking military officers to die during World War Ii and was the highest ranking to be killed by enemy fire. His military decorations and awards include the Distinguished Service Cross, the Army Distinguished Service Medal, the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, the Purple Heart, the World War I Victory Medal, the American Defense Service Medal, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, and the World War II Victory Medal. He was posthumously promoted to the rank of general on July 19, 1954.

Bio by: William Bjornstad


Inscription

BORN HART COUNTY, KY, JULY 18, 1886
GRADUATED U.S. MILITARY ACADEMY 1908
ALASKA ALEUTIANS OKINAWA
COMMANDING GENERAL OF 10TH US ARMY
HE WAS KILLED BY ENEMY ARTILLERY FIRE
ON OKINAWA, JUNE 18, 1945
LEADING HIS TROOPS TO FINAL VICTORY
DSC DSM DSM(NAVY)


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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Garver Graver
  • Added: 13 Nov 2002
  • Find a Grave Memorial ID: 6925151
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/6925151/simon-bolivar-buckner: accessed ), memorial page for Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr. (18 Jul 1886–18 Jun 1945), Find a Grave Memorial ID 6925151, citing Frankfort Cemetery, Frankfort, Franklin County, Kentucky, USA; Maintained by Find a Grave.