Philosopher. Born in Westport, England, the son of Thomas Hobbes, a disgraced vicar who had brawled in front of his own church. Hobbes Senior abandoned his three children to the care of his brother, a successful glover, who provided for Hobbes' education. In 1608, he began working as a tutor. In 1610, he traveled to France, Italy and Germany. In 1631, his published debut, 'Short Tract on First Principles' appeared. In 1640, wrote a defense of Charles I's interpretation of his own rights; 'The Elements of Law, Natural and Politic.' After the King's arrest and execution, however, he fled the country, and as a known Royalist, lived in exile in France from 1640 to 1651. In 1642, he released 'De Cive,' his first book of political philosophy. He also began work on his most influential book; 'Leviathan, or The Matter, Forme and Power of a Common Wealth Ecclesiastical and Civil,' know simply as 'Leviathan' by most. It was published just after his return to England in 1651. It is largely regarded as one of the most influential political philosophy works ever published. 'De Corpore' appeared in 1655, and 'De Homine' in 1658. That year, Charles II, a former pupil, granted him an annual pension. In October 1666, Parliament labeled 'Leviathan' a book 'as tend to atheism, blasphemy and profaneness,' a charge that led Hobbes to burn some of his papers even as he mounted a defense, later published as an Appendix to his Latin translation of 'Leviathan,' published in Amsterdam in 1668. In later years, he published English translations of 'The Odyssey 'and 'The Iliad' and an autobiography in Latin verse appearing in 1672. He succumbed to a stroke at the age of 91.
Bio by: Iola