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 Red Cloud

Red Cloud

Original Name Makhpiya-Luta
Birth
Lincoln County, Nebraska, USA
Death 10 Dec 1910 (aged 87–88)
Pine Ridge, Oglala Lakota County, South Dakota, USA
Burial Pine Ridge, Oglala Lakota County, South Dakota, USA
Memorial ID 6878358 · View Source
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Red Cloud, chief of the Oglala Lakota, for years frustrated efforts of the United States government to open up the West. From 1859 on he and his warriors, living near Fort Laramie, Wyoming attacked whites encroaching on Indian Territory along the North Platte River. By 1865 he was effectively discouraging white intrusion by way of the Bozeman trail. Red Cloud led the 1866 massacre of 80 troops from Fort Kearney, one of the posts built to protect the trail, an event that led to the abandonment of the trail by the whites in 1868. A peace treaty, which Red Cloud signed, seems to have been a turning point for the war chief. After visiting Washington, D.C., he agreed to settle down as a reservation chief. According to Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse, he sold out to the whites, permitting corrupt and inadequate conditions on Sioux reservations. He lost his status as head chief in 1881. After the Wounded Knee massacre (1890) he lived quietly on Pine Ridge Reservation.


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: Michael Sadaj
  • Added: 25 Oct 2002
  • Find A Grave Memorial 6878358
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Red Cloud (1822–10 Dec 1910), Find A Grave Memorial no. 6878358, citing Red Cloud Cemetery, Pine Ridge, Oglala Lakota County, South Dakota, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .