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 Jane Herbert <I>Wilkinson</I> Long

Photo added by Clay Homister

Jane Herbert Wilkinson Long

Jane Long led a long and hard life. But her independent and determined character earned for her the title "Mother of Texas." In 1815, Jane married Dr. James Long, a physician who had been a surgeon at the Battle of New Orleans. In 1820, the Longs settled at Bolivar Point, a peninsula opposite Galveston Island, where they established an outpost in an effort to help free Texas from Spanish rule. Dr. Long left on an excursion in 1821, Jane stayed behind and vowed to remain at the fort until his return. However, Dr. Long was captured and later "accidentally" killed in Mexico City. Unaware of her husband's fate, Jane steadfastly remained at Bolivar Point through the winter of 1821-1822. The few other inhabitants left the fort as supplies ran out. Along with a twelve year old servant and her six year old daugthter, they survived on dwindling supplies of corn meal, salted fish and osyters scavanged from the bay. They kept nearby Indians at away by a ruse designed to give the illusion that the fort was still protected by soldiers. Jane's ordeal ended the following March when a friend of her husband persuaded her to leave Bolivar Point. And after a few years, she made a remarkable comeback. In 1832, Long opened a successful hotel in Brazoria, then a primary port for newly arriving emigrants. The hotel soon became a focal point for social and political activities in Texas. Throughout her long and active life in Texas, Jane rejected all offers of matrimony, and died a widow of Dr. James Long.


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: Clay Homister
  • Added: 27 Sep 2002
  • Find A Grave Memorial 6804919
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Jane Herbert Wilkinson Long (23 Jul 1798–30 Dec 1880), Find A Grave Memorial no. 6804919, citing Morton Cemetery, Richmond, Fort Bend County, Texas, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .