European Monarch. She was the youngest of four daughters of Johann Friedrich of Brunswick-Luneburg-Calenbery, Duke of Hanover and Benedikte Henriette of Simmern. Her aunt, Louise Hollandine, raised her in Maubuisson. In 1699 she married Josef I and upon the marriage became the Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Germans, Queen of Hungary, Queen of Bohemia, Archduchess consort of Austria. She bore him three children in the first two years of marriage. In 1704 she was infected with a venereal disease by her husband, hence from the complication of this disease, she was unable to bear anymore children. After her husband's death in 1711, she tried to secure her daughter's right of succession to the throne. Usually only males had the right to succession to the throne. Her husband's successor and brother, Charles VI, accepted her reasoning but favored his own daughters over his nieces, thus dismissing her daughters from the pathway to the throne. After her youngest daughter, Amalia Maria, was married she left the court and retired to the Salesian Convent. During the struggle over the succession of Charles VI, she shortly returned to the public to support her son-in-law, Karl Albrecht of Bavaria or later Charles VII, in his pursuit of the Imperial Crown. Her daughter Amalia Maria had married Charles VII, hence one of her daughters was near the throne if not on it and her grandchildren would be on the pathway to throne. Upon her death, her heart was laid to rest at her husband's feet while her body was under the high altar at Salesian Convent, which is located near the Belvedere Palace in Vienna and was founded by in 1717 by her.
Bio by: Lutetia