William Marshal

William Marshal

Death 6 Apr 1231 (aged 40–41)
Caversham, Reading Borough, Berkshire, England
Burial London, City of London, Greater London, England
Memorial ID 67740536 · View Source
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William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, English nobleman

Son of William Marshal and Isabel de Clare, grandson of John Marshall and Sybilla of Salisbury, Richard de Clare, Earl of Pembroke and Aoife, the daughter of the King of Leinster. His birth at Normandy has been estimated to be in the spring of 1190.

William married Alice de Bethune, daughter of his father's friend Baldwin de Bethune, in September 1214. Alice died in 1215, probably murdered carrying their first son. It is believed a recent land dispute brought on the need for her demise.

William's second wife was Eleanor of Leicester, the youngest daughter of King John and Isabella of Angouleme. They were married in 1224 but produced no surviving heirs.

William's famous father, William the Marshall, paid homage to King Philip of France in order to retain his Norman holdings, King John Lackland took offense and had young William held at the English courts as a guarantee of loyalty until 1212.

During the Barons War of 1215, William sided with the rebels while his father was stood by King John. When Louis of France took Worcester castle in 1216, young William was warned by his father to refrain as Ranulph de Blondeville, 4th Earl of Chester retook the castle. In March 1217, William was absolved from excommunication and rejoined with king. William fought alongside his father at the Battle of Lincoln.

William The Marshall died in 1219, and younger William succeeded him as both Earl of Pembroke and as Lord Marshal of England, making William one of the most prominent and powerful nobles in England.

William left his lands in Ireland to wage war against Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Llywelyn the Great, who had attacked William's holding in Pembroke. Even though he was successful, the action was viewed as independent of the crown, currently held by King Henry III. When Hugh de Lacy began attacking both William and royal land in Ireland, William was appointed Justiciar of Ireland and was able to repress de Lacy.

William founded the Dominican priory of the Holy Trinity in Kilkenny and began construction of Carlow and Ferns castles in 1225. The following year, he was ordered to surrender the royal castles of Cardigan and Carmarthen that he had captured from Llywelyn to the crown, and was removed from his position as Justiciar for his opposition to the treatment of Aodh O'Connor, the son of the King of Connacht, after a battle.

William died 6 April 1231, and was buried in the Temple Church in London next to his father. Hubert de Burgh, the Justiciar of England was later accused of poisoning William, but there was no proof.

William had no heirs, and his titles passed to his younger brother, Richard Marshal, the third Earl of Pembroke.

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  • Maintained by: Anne Shurtleff Stevens
  • Originally Created by: Jerry Ferren
  • Added: 1 Apr 2011
  • Find A Grave Memorial 67740536
  • Timothy Gallagher
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for William Marshal (1190–6 Apr 1231), Find A Grave Memorial no. 67740536, citing Temple Church, London, City of London, Greater London, England ; Maintained by Anne Shurtleff Stevens (contributor 46947920) .