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 Frank Billings Kellogg

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Frank Billings Kellogg

  • Birth 22 Dec 1856 Potsdam, St. Lawrence County, New York, USA
  • Death 21 Dec 1937 Saint Paul, Ramsey County, Minnesota, USA
  • Burial Washington, District of Columbia, District Of Columbia, USA
  • Plot Chapel of Saint Joseph of Arimat
  • Memorial ID 6654166

US Senator, Cabinet Member, Diplomat, and Nobel Prize Winner. A member of the Republican Party, he served in the US Senate from Minnesota for one term, from March 1917 until March 1923, then as US Secretary of State from March 1925 until March 1928. A self-trained lawyer, he moved with his family to Minnesota in 1865 and began practicing law in Rochester, Minnesota in 1877. From 1878 until 1881 he served as the city attorney of Rochester and county attorney for Olmsted County in Minnesota from 1882 until 1887. He was appointed by President Theodore Roosevelt as a prosecutor in the US Justice Department and in 1911 he litigated his most important case, Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. United States. Following this successful prosecution, he was elected president of the American Bar Association, serving from 1912 until 1913. In 1916 he was the Republican candidate to the US Senate from Minnesota and won the election. During his term, he was one of the few Republicans who supported the ratification battle for the Treaty of Versailles. In 1922 he lost his re-election bid for US Senate. The following year he was a delegate to the 5th International Conference of American States at Santiago, Chile and served as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to England from 1923 until 1925. In 1925 President Calvin Coolidge appointed him to the Cabinet post of Secretary of State, during which time he was responsible for improving US-Mexican relations and helping to resolve the long-standing Tacna-Arica controversy between Peru and Chile and was featured on the cover of Time magazine's September 28, 1925 issue. His most significant accomplishment was the 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact, proposed by French foreign minister Aristide Briand, and it was a treaty intended to provide for "the renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy." He was awarded the 1929 Nobel Peace Prize in recognition and France awarded him the Legion of Honor. From 1930 until 1935 he was associate judge of the Permanent Court of International Justice. In 1937 he endowed the Kellogg Foundation for Education in International Relations at Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota where he was a trustee. He died from pneumonia following a stroke one day shy of his 81st birthday. The Liberty ship SS Frank B. Kellogg was named in his honor. In 1976 his house in St. Paul, Minnesota, the Frank B. Kellogg House, was listed as a National Historic Landmark.

Bio by: William Bjornstad


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: Garver Graver
  • Added: 2 Aug 2002
  • Find A Grave Memorial 6654166
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Frank Billings Kellogg (22 Dec 1856–21 Dec 1937), Find A Grave Memorial no. 6654166, citing Washington National Cathedral, Washington, District of Columbia, District Of Columbia, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .