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 Samuel Davis Sturgis

Samuel Davis Sturgis

Birth
Shippensburg, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, USA
Death 28 Sep 1889 (aged 67)
Saint Paul, Ramsey County, Minnesota, USA
Burial Arlington, Arlington County, Virginia, USA
Plot Section 2, Site 1042
Memorial ID 6522 · View Source
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Civil War Union Brigadier General. A graduate of the United States Military Academy, Class of 1846, he graduated 32nd of 59 graduates. He served with the 1st Dragoons in Mexico during the Mexican War, where he was captured while reconnoitering near Buena Vista, and was released 8 days after the battle. From 1851 to 1861, he fought the Apaches in Arizona and New Mexico, and commanded Fort Smith, Arkansas in 1861. During the Civil War, he fought at Fort Smith, Fort Leavenworth, Wilson's Creek, Antietam, Fredericksburg. and Brice's Crossroads. He was appointed Brigadier General, US Volunteers, at Wilson's Creek for his coolness and valor, taking command at the critical moment when General Nathaniel Lyon was killed. Twice brevetted to Brigadier General and once to Major General. On June 10, 1864, he was severely defeated by Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest at Brice's Crossroads, Mississippi, and his career suffered for it. A Board of Inquiry was critical of his performance during that battle. He was appointed Colonel, 7th United States Cavalry, on May 6, 1869, but was detailed several times to other jobs, leaving his second-in-command, Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer, to actually command the unit in the field. After the 7th Cavalry was nearly destroyed in the Battle of the Little Big Horn, he retook command in October 1876, with Lieutenant Colonel Elmer Otis as the new second-in-command, replacing the dead Custer. From 1881 to 1885, he was governor of the United States Soldier's Home in Washington DC, and he retired on June 11, 1886 to St. Paul, Minnesota, where he resided until his death.

Bio by: Kit and Morgan Benson



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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 1 Oct 1999
  • Find A Grave Memorial 6522
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Samuel Davis Sturgis (11 Jun 1822–28 Sep 1889), Find A Grave Memorial no. 6522, citing Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Arlington County, Virginia, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .