Italian Military Leader, Statesman. Badoglio was an Italian general who later served as prime minister after the ouster of dictator Benito Mussolini in 1943. As a young man, he entered the Italian army in 1890 as an artillery officer, served during the First World War, and worked his way through the ranks to general. Badoglio served as chief of the general staff after the war and then became a field marshal in 1926. Badoglio was named governor of Libya in 1928 and served until 1934. He led the troops that captured the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa after the invasion of the country in 1935 and was named viceroy of Ethiopia for a short period of time. By 1940 Badoglio differed with the Italian leader Benito Mussolini in determining Italian military strategy during World War II and in 1943 he played a part in causing Mussolini's downfall. He was then named prime minister by King Victor Emmanuel III and arranged for an armistice with the Allies. After Italy's surrender and Rome's liberation in 1944, Badoglio resigned as premier and retired to his family home in Grazzano Badoglio.
Bio by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye