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 Henry P Fields

Henry P Fields

Birth
Death 30 Jul 1884
Burial Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio, USA
Plot E, 7, 13
Memorial ID 646699 · View Source
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"The Orange and Alexandria Railroad (now the Southern Railway) crosses the Rapidan River at Rapid Ann Station (now Rapidan), Virginia. The Rapid Ann, or Rapidan River, is the boundary between Orange County to the south and Culpeper County to the north.

In 1854, the Orange and Alexandria Railroad arrived at the Rapid Ann River. A covered wooded trestle was constructed over the river. This structure was burned several times by both armies during the war. The confederate army rebuilt the bridge after it was destroyed by confederate cavalry in April 1863. Col. Henry Martyn Lazelle (1832-1917), 16th New York Cavalry, a graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, and future commandant,, participated in a raid on this location, with 325 men. This raid marked the last significant action of the Civil War in central Virginia.

On the morning of September 17, 1864, Col. Lazelle and 275 men from the 16th New York Cavalry, along with 50 men from the 13th New York Cavalry left their camp at Ft. Buffalo (now Seven Corners), Virginia for a raid on Rapid Ann Station, Virginia. Arriving at Rapid Ann Station on September 19th they captured 200 horses and mules, along with 2 confederate officers and 20 men, detailed there as guards. They attacked the railroad trestle over the Rapidan River, cutting away some of the bridge supports and setting it on fire, “But the timbers being green, and the structure a mere trestle work, their success was not commensurate with their efforts. The injury to the bridge is trifling, it being only singed” (see Richmond Examiner, Sept. 21, 1864, p. 1). They did, however, succeed in burning the railroad depot, telegraph office, and Holliday’s mill, “a very large flour mill, running six sets of stones,” containing 300 barrels of corn and wheat. While this was occurring, a train was seen approaching Rapid Ann Station from the Orange County side of the river, but the engineer of the train had seen the smoke from the fires in Rapidan and backed up his train and escaped. The Union raiders then moved off with their prisoners and captured horses toward Culpeper Court House. As they left Rapidan they pulled down the telegraph wires and tore up a portion of the railroad track. During the march from Rapidan to Culpeper the Union rear guard was continually harassed by confederate cavalry belonging to General Early. The raiders stopped briefly at Mitchell's Station and burned the depot. Arriving at the intersection of the Culpeper and Stevensburg roads (present day Rt. 3 & R. 522) the New Yorkers encountered a portion of the infantry brigade of Confederate General Joseph B. Kershaw, supported by four pieces of artillery and cavalry. After the lead elements of Lazelle’s column had passed, Kershaw’s South Carolinian’s, who were concealed in rifle pits near the summit of Mt. Pony, opened a heavy fire on the New Yorkers. The New Yorkers panicked and a large number fled in the direction of Kelly’s Ford. Order was partially restored and a charge was attempted, but repulsed. The Union losses were heavy with two killed, eleven wounded, and twenty two captured. Col. Lazelle ordered a retreat northward through Culpeper. The confederate cavalry, once again, continued to harass the rear guard of Lazelle’s force for many miles. All but eight of the confederate prisoners escaped and captured horses and mules were abandoned.

As a result of this loss, Col. Lazelle recommended that Maj. George Bacon Bosworth (1841-1911), 2nd Lt. Henry P. Field (1825-1884), of Co. H, and 2nd Lt. Henry Sylvanus Larned (1842-1899) of Co. B, all of the 16th New York Cavalry, be censured for disobeying orders and not controlling their men. Maj. Bosworth was recommended for a court-martial (no record found)and Lts. Field and Larned were summarily dismissed from the service on October 1, 1864. Lt. Field’s commission was later restored on December 7, 1864. (see Report of Col. Henry M. Lazelle, O.R. s. 1, v. 43, pt. II, pp. 133-4, 166, & 211, © 1893, U.S. Govt. Printing Office, Wash. D.C. and United States Service Magazine, v. 3, p. 191, © 1865, Charles R. Richardson, New York)."

The above research conducted for an article on the 16th New York Cavalry. Feel free to post. Kindly credit me with the information.


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  • Imported from: US Veteran's Affairs
  • Added: 25 Feb 2000
  • Find A Grave Memorial 646699
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Henry P Fields (unknown–30 Jul 1884), Find A Grave Memorial no. 646699, citing Dayton National Cemetery, Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio, USA ; Maintained by US Veterans Affairs Office (contributor 5) .