Nobel Prize in Physics Recipient. Dr. Max Born received world-wide notoriety receiving the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physics, sharing the coveted award with Walther Bothe. According to the Nobel Prize committee, Born was given the award “for his fundamental research in quantum mechanics, especially for his statistical interpretation of the wavefunction.” The son of a college professor, he served in the German Air Force during World War I. During the 1920s, he collaborated with many physicists, who became well-known years later, such as Pauli, Heisenberg, Jordon, Fermi, Dirac, Hund, Hylleraas, Weisskopf, Oppenheimer, Joseph Mayer and Maria Goeppert-Mayer. During World War II, he emigrated from Germany to England. He taught and did research at the universities in Berlin, Frankfurt, Gottingen, Cambridge, and Edinburgh along with a winter in India. He also published over 300 papers and twenty books, including "The Restless Universe" in 1951, a study of the social implications of scientific development. Besides the Nobel Prize, he received a long list of honors including the Stokes Medal of Cambridge, the Max Planck Award, the Hughes Medal of Royal Society in London, the Hugo Grotius Medal for International Law, and the Grand Cross of Merit from the German Federal Republic in 1959 after his retirement. He was one of the 11 signatories of the Russell-Einstein Manifesto, which was issued in London, England on July 9, 1955 in the middle of the Cold War, calling for world leaders to seek peaceful resolutions to international conflict and list the dangers of nuclear weapons. He was the maternal grandfather of four-time Grammy winning singer Olivia Newton-John.
Bio by: Linda Davis