United States Army General. Born Detroit, Michigan, he graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York in 1881. From 1891 to 1898 he was in charge of river and harbor work at Nashvilile, Tennesse. When the Spanish-American War broke out, he was made Chief Engineer of Volunteers, serving in Puerto Rico and Cuba and later in the Philippines. After that conflict he was in charge of river and harbor work in San Francisco, California from 1907 to 1911, and was an observer with Austro-Hungarian Army in the early days of World War I. Appointed Superintendent of West Point, he served in that capacity from 1916 to 1917. When the United States entered World War I, he commanded brigade of engineer regiments, then served as acting United States Army Chief of Staff in Washington. In 1918 he was again sent overseas to take charge of American troops in Great Britain and Ireland.
Bio by: Dave Kyle