John Painter III

John Painter III

Frederick County, Virginia, USA
Death 30 Jul 1860 (aged 85)
Perry Township, Richland County, Ohio, USA
Burial Fredericktown, Knox County, Ohio, USA
Memorial ID 63337077 · View Source
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Ohio pioneer. Richland County entryman.

John Painter, III, a son of Quakers Susannah (née Stratton) and John Painter, junior, was born on 18 July 1775 in old Frederick County, Virginia, where the Painter family had settled in the 1740s. His first and second wives were both named Rachel Redd. The marriage to the first Rachel Redd, daughter of Elizabeth (née Hollingsworth) and Andrew Redd, took place probably in the late 1790s in Frederick County (no extant record); the marriage to the second Rachel Redd, daughter of Rachel (née Fawcett) and George Redd, was on 2 June 1808 in Frederick County. John Painter was the father of about 17 children—5 children with his first wife, 12 more with his second wife—of whom 14 lived to maturity.

John Painter sold his land in Frederick County, to his brother Robert, and migrated to Ohio about 1812, passing through Belmont and Harrison Counties before entering 160 acres in section 36, Perry Township, Richland County, Ohio, in 1814. John Painter "followed the Indian trail to the site of Fredericktown [Ohio], and cut his way to the spot which was soon to be converted into a pioneer home. They lived in the wagon until a cabin was reared moving in ere it was furnished with doors or windows. Often the father was obliged to go to such distance for provisions that he could not return the same day, and the terror-stricken wife was left alone with her babe, which she dared not leave, even to hunt the cow. The little family sough safety in the block-house near Fredericktown during the war of 1812. The father toiled almost incessantly in those days, fight the wolf from the door in more senses than one; his sturdy ax cleared over 100 acres of his farm." (Bio. of son-in-law John Winand, Jr., in: W. H. Perrin and J. H. Battle, History of Morrow County and Ohio [...] (Chicago: O. L. Baskin & Co., 1880), p. 833.)

"Mr. Painter made farming his chief business, but worked some at the cooper trade, and did rough cabinet work for his neighbors [...]" (Bio. of daughter Lydia Ruhl in: Perrin and Battle, p. 628.)

John Painter died on 30 July 1860, probably on his Perry Township farm, which had been divided between his two sons with his second wife.


Parents (John Painter, wife Susanna), siblings, and date of birth (18 Jul 1775) from: Joint Committee of Hopewell Friends, Hopewell Monthly Meeting (Society of Friends), Hopewell Certificates of Membership and Removal, 1759-1776, Frederick County, Virginia (Strasburg, Va.: Shenandoah Pub. House, 1936), p. 494. Headstone inscription shows date of death and age at death, which by calculation yield the same date of birth.

A biography of Nelson Painter, a grandson of John Painter, III, and Rachel, II, offers this account: "John Painter was twice married and both his first and second wives strangely bore the maiden name of Rachel Red, although they were not related. To both of his marriages were born eighteen children. John Painter came to Ohio about 1818 with his first wife and children, one of whom was Hamilton Painter [...]" (Bio. of Nelson Painter in: Mark A. McGruder, History of Pettis County, Missouri (Topeka, Kansas: Historical Pub. Co., 1919), p. 688.)

Virginia does not permit common-law marriages, but there are no known records regarding John Painter's first marriage. Had he then been a Quaker, he would have likely been disciplined for a marriage outside that community. John Painter reached age 21 in 1796.

"PAINTER, GEORGE, owns and resides on the extreme southeast 80 acres of Perry Township; he is a son of John Painter, who was born in Frederick Co., Va., July 18, 1775; in 1811, John Painter moved to Belmont Co., and to Perry Township in 1813, and entered a quarter of Sec. 36 [...]" (Bio. of George Painter in: History of Richland County, Ohio (Mansfield, Ohio: A. A. Graham & Co., Publishers, 1880), p. 861.)

1810 U.S. Census, Frederick Co., Virginia; p. 372. Households of Sarah Painter, Robert Painter, and John Painter.

John Painter on 1 Dec 1814 purchased 160 acres in Perry Township: the SE1/4 of Section 36, bordering on Jefferson Township to the east, and Knox Co. to the south. (Morse, Ellsworth H., Jr., Richland County, Ohio; Original Land Purchasers including School Lands. Richland County Genealogical Society, 1999; revised by MAGIC Computer Committee. According to this book's account of Jefferson Township, Section 20: "The SW1/4 was originally purchased on July 26, 1817, by Caleb Shelby, Richland Co., Oh. He assigned it to John Painter who relinquished it and applied the $80 paid on account to purchase of SE1/4 of Section 36, Township 19, Range 19 [Perry Township]" (p. 111). The two quarter sections are less than 2 miles apart.) John Painter's son Andrew was enumerated in 1830 on or near this Jefferson Twp. quarter section.

1820 U.S. Census, Perry Twp.: Richland Co., Ohio; [image 3 of 4].
[ Line 9:] John Painter.

Richland Co., Ohio, entryman: "John Painter of Harrison County Ohio" obtained on 27 Jun 1825 the patent for 160 acres, the southeast quarter of Section 36, Township 19 North, Range 19 West (Perry Township). (Image of original, U.S. Dept. of Interior, Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records.)

1830 U.S. Census, Perry Twp., Richland Co., Ohio; p. 3.
[Line 15:] John Painter.

1840 U.S. Census, [Perry Twp.], Richland Co., Ohio; p. 222.
[Line 28:] John Painter.
[Line 29:] Hamilton Painter.

1850 U.S. Census, District 129, Perry Twp., Richland Co., Ohio; dwellings 97-99, families 97-99, lines 15-20, 21-23, and 24-27, p. 418 (printed), p. 835 (written), 13 Sep 1850.
15. Hamilton Painter [head], "48," farmer ($2,500), Vir.
16. Matilda Painter, 31, [Vir].
17. Nelson -----, 12, Ohio.
18. Edward -----, 10, [Ohio].
19. George -----, 8, [Ohio].
20. John -----, 6, [Ohio].
21. John Painter [head], 75, farmer ($3,000), Vir.
22. Rachel Painter, 65, [Vir].
23. Charity -----, 16, Ohio.
24. George Painter [head], 28, farmer, [Ohio].
25. Mary A. Painter, 28, [Ohio.]
26. Elwood -----, 3, [Ohio.]
27. Malvina -----, 1, [Ohio].
John Painter's brother Robert's granddaughter, Mary H. Hardman (née Haines) on following page.

Map of Richland Co., Ohio., From Actual Surveys by P. O'Byrne (Philadelphia: Matthews & Taintor Publishers, [1856]). H. Painter had the western half and G. Painter had the eastern half of the southeast quarter of Section 36, Perry Township.

1860 U.S. Census, Perry Twp., Richland Co., Ohio; dwellings 101-102, families 99-100, lines 34-42 and 1-6, pp. 199B-200 (printed), pp. 14-15 (written), 4 Jun 1860.
34. Hamilton Painter [head], 49, farmer ($3,000; $500), Virginia.
35. Matilda -----, 40, Virginia.
36. Edwin -----, 20, wagon maker, Ohio.
37. George -----, 18, Ohio.
38. John -----, 16, Ohio.
39. Alvaretta -----, 9, Ohio.
40. Sherman Painter, 2, Ohio.
1. George Painter [head], 37, farmer ($300; $500), Ohio.
2. "Savina" -----, 11, Ohio. [Melvina]
3. Wilson -----, 9, Ohio.
4. Julia -----, 17, Ohio.
5. John -----, 85, Virginia.
6. Rachel -----, 73, Virginia.
Alvaretta enumerated in 1870 in Hamilton Painter household as Alfretta Enos, age 19, domestic servant.
Julia is not identified. While the census sheet indicates she was a Painter, she is not known to have been a family member; possibly a servant or boarder--or possibly an error for (and second counting of) Amelia French, who was enumerated as "Amanda French," age 16, on p. 199B. (Household of Rachel Hines, John and Rachel Painter's daughter, also on p. 199B.)

John Painter died intestate (without a will); Hamilton Painter was one of the two estate administrators. According to the "Final Settlement of the Estate of John Painter deceased," 25 Aug 1862, half of the net proceeds from the estate went to his widow; half went to his heirs at law (generally the children or descendants of a person who died without a will). "The other half is to be divided among the heirs at law and who are as follows, give to each heir $2.32.
1. Hamilton Painter
2. George Painter
3. Charity Lukens & Wm. Lukens
4. Amanda [sic, Arminda] Lukens & Jos. Lukens
5. The Children of Miriam Rule decd [deceased]
6. Cynthia Wyant [sic, Winand] & Husband
7. Susan Rule & Husband
8. Lydia Rule & Husband
9. Mary Huntsman & Husband
10. Jacob Painter
11. Andrew Painter
12. Joshua Painter
13. Ephraim Painter
14. Rachel Hines & Husband"
("Ohio, Probate Records, 1789-1996," images FamilySearch ( accessed 12 Sep 2013), Richland Co., Ohio, Probate Court, Administration records, vol. 19 (1862-65), image 451 of 714.) Heirs at law numbers 1 to 9 plus 14 were the children of the second wife. Note that the family in Richland County (Hamilton Painter was an administrator) knew of the death of Miriam in 1856. Heirs at law numbers 10 to 13 were the sons of the first wife. The family in Richland County does not appear to have known that Joshua Painter died in 1835 (in Logan Co., Ohio); Ephraim Painter died in 1853 (in Virginia); and Jacob Painter died in January 1862 (in neighboring Morrow Co., Ohio).

Compare the list of John Painter's heirs at law, with a son-in-law's account of his wife's family: "She [Cynthia Winand (née Painter)] is a daughter of John and Rachel Red Painter, being the sixth child in a family of twelve children, nine of whom are living as follows—Hamilton, a farmer in East Perry Tp.; Mary, widow of Jerry Huntsman, now of Noble Co., Ind.; Lydia, widow of Jerry Rule of this county; Susan, Mrs. Adam Rule of North Bloomfield Tp.; George, farmer in Richland county; Cynthia, wife of subject; Rachel, Mrs. George Hines of Noble Co., Ind; Armindia, Mrs. Joseph Lukens of Iowa; Charity, Mrs. William Lukens of Knox Co., O." (Bio. of son-in-law John Winand, Jr., in: W. H. Perrin and J. H. Battle, History of Morrow County and Ohio [...] (Chicago: O. L. Baskin & Co., 1880), p. 833.) Cynthia was the ninth of the twelve children of John Painter with the second Rachel Redd; sixth of the nine living in 1880.

John Painter never used the generational name suffix III. It is used in modern genealogies to distinguish him from his father and grandfather of the same name.

Geographical Note

Old Frederick County, Virginia, created in 1742, once encompassed all or part of nine present-day counties in Virginia and West Virginia. The Painter property may have been near the Crooked Run Quaker Monthly Meeting in Nineveh, now in Warren County, Virginia.

Great-great-great-great-grandfather of submitter.

Reviewed 10 September 2020.


July 30, 1860
85 yrs
13 ds


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  • Created by: blueheron14
  • Added: 26 Dec 2010
  • Find a Grave Memorial 63337077
  • Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for John Painter III (18 Jul 1775–30 Jul 1860), Find a Grave Memorial no. 63337077, citing Quaker Cemetery, Fredericktown, Knox County, Ohio, USA ; Maintained by blueheron14 (contributor 46883128) .