Pauline Cushman

Photo added by William Bjornstad

Pauline Cushman

Original Name Harriet Wood
New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, USA
Death 2 Dec 1893 (aged 60)
Mission District, San Francisco County, California, USA
Burial San Francisco, San Francisco County, California, USA
Plot OS, Row 18, Site 1
Memorial ID 6333443 · View Source
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Civil War Union Spy. Born Harriet Wood in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1833 She became a stage actress in the early 1850s and changed her name to Pauline Cushman. She Married a music teacher named Charles Dickinson in 1853 and had 2 children. During the Civil War her husband was a member of the Regimntal band of the 41st Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He died of Dysentery in December 1862. Going back to the stage she was in Louisville, Kentucky and was offered $300 buy Confederate sympathizers to toast Jefferson Davis while on stage (She did but also reported it to the Union Provost Marshal) She was fired for doing this which made her a Sweet heart to the local Confederates and made her a good spy for the Union. She toured the South getting information for the Union until late 1863, when she was found out and orderd hung by Confederate General Braxton Bragg. But the Union troops took the town before the sentence could be carried out. No longer any good as a spy she toured the North and even wrote a book "Spy for the Cumberland". She was given the Honorary rank of Major by President Lincoln. In 1879 she met and married Jere Fryer of AZ and helped him run a Hotel & Livery he also became Sheriff of Pinal Co. AZ. They seperated in 1890 and Pauline moved to San Francisco, working as a Seamstress and Char woman. She receved a Government pension in June of 1893 of $12 a month for her first husbands war service. She died of an intentional drug overdose (opium) at age 60. She was buried by the Local GAR in the Officers circle. Her simple stone reads "Pauline C. Fryer Union Spy".

Bio by: Herbert Rickards

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Union Spy



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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Herbert Rickards
  • Added: 9 Apr 2002
  • Find a Grave Memorial 6333443
  • Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Pauline Cushman (10 Jun 1833–2 Dec 1893), Find a Grave Memorial no. 6333443, citing San Francisco National Cemetery, San Francisco, San Francisco County, California, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .