Nobel Peace Prize Recipient. Austen Chamberlain, a British statesman, received the 1925 Nobel Peace Prize, sharing the covet award jointly with United States Vice President Charles G. Dawes. The two men waited to receive their 1925 Nobel Peace Prize until the 1926 presentation. According to the Nobel Prize committee, he received the award "for his crucial role in bringing about the Locarno Treaty." Ending the treaty negotiations on October 16, 1925, the Locarno Treaty was between Germany, Great Britain, France, Belgium and Italy, which secure the post- World War I territorial settlement, in return for normalizing relations with the defeated Germany. The treaty stated Germany would not be the aggressor in any war with any nation. He was satisfied that this treaty had been successful, whereas others that he had been involved with failed. Sir Chamberlin was made a Knight of the Order of the Garter in 1925. Born the eldest son of Joseph Chamberlain, the Liberal statesman, Joseph Austin Chamberlain was known by his middle name. His mother died from complications arising from his birth. His half-brother was Arthur Neville Chamberlain, the British Prime Minister at the dawn of the World War II. He attended Trinity College at Cambridge, giving his first political speech there. Afterwards, he studied in France and Germany before entering politics in the Conservative Party. He joined the Government in World War I, and took part in the peace negotiations at Versailles in 1919. He was the Conservative Member of Parliament in the House of Commons for East Worcestershire from 1892 to 1914, and for Birmingham West from 1914 to 1937. He served as Postmaster General in 1902, Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1903 to 1905 and, again, from 1919 to 1921, Secretary for India from 1915 to 1917, Foreign Secretary from 1924 to 1929 and for three months in 1931 first lord of the admiralty. Although he was a leader of the Conservative Party, he did not become Prime Minister of England as most had. As a “back-bench member of Parliament” during the 1930s, Chamberlain, although a man of peace, gave strong support to increase British military capability in the face of Germany's strong military under the Nazi Party. Chamberlain received several honorary doctorates and served as Chancellorship of the University of Reading from 1935 to 1937. He married and had two sons and a daughter.
Bio by: Linda Davis
Ivy Muriel Dundas Chamberlain