Russian Anarchist, Scientist, Author. He opposed violence but participated in anarchist activities in Russia as well as elsewhere in Europe. He was born to a noble family; his father, Alexei Petrovich Kropotkin, was a prince in Rurikids Dynasty, which ruled Russia before the Romanov family did. He was well-education and as a young man, became aware of the Russian class system. In 1867, his father disinherited him as he resigned his commission in the army and
entered Saint Petersburg Imperial University to study mathematics. Becoming an active member of the Russian Geographical Society, he toured Finland, Sweden, and parts of Asia and was part of documenting maps and papers on this area. In 1874, he was imprisoned in the Peter and Paul Fortress for subversive political activity, for his activity with the Circle of Tchaikovsky. He escaped to France
where he continued his anarchist activities, which led to further imprisonment. Later, he lived in England and Switzerland for many years before returning to his homeland of Russia after the February 1917 Revolution; he took a political voice wherever he lived. He was an Anti-Communism; his Russia was becoming a Communist nation. At that point and at the age of near 75 years old, he withdrew from all of his political activities, which he was well-known throughout the world. During his life, he wrote many books, pamphlets and articles on many subjects, the most prominent being "The Conquest of Bread" and "Fields, Factories, and Workshops" and his principal scientific offering, "Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution" He also contributed the article on anarchism in the "Encyclopedia Britannica Eleventh Edition".
Bio by: Linda Davis
Alexandra Petrovna Hammond Kropotkin