Nikolai Kasatkin

Nikolai Kasatkin

Birth
Smolensk, Smolensk Oblast, Russia
Death 16 Feb 1912 (aged 75)
Tokyo, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan
Burial
Plan a trip here
Tokyo, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan
Memorial ID 6136128 · View Source
Suggest Edits

Eastern Orthodox Religion Saint. As a young monk, he brought Eastern Orthodox Christianity to Japan in the middle of the 19th century. Prior to his arrival Japan had just opened to the West and begun diplomatic relations. The United States, France, and Britain established Consulates in Japan, and Russia established its Consulate in Hakodate on Hokkaido island. At the same time, the Eastern Orthodox Church in Japan started its history as a small church belonging to the Consulate. Nikolai Kasatkin saw a request card in his Seminary recruiting a priest to be in charge of the church in Hakodate, and in the summer of 1860, he left St. Petersburg, Russian for Japan. On the way, he spent winter in Nikolayevsk, a port facing the Okhotsk Sea. There he met a man who would later Saint Innokentii of Alaska, who gave him advice, especially about the importance of translating church texts into Japanese. Arriving in Japan the following spring, Nikolai Kasatkin studied Japanese language, culture, history, and the Japanese religions of Buddhism and Shintoism. He became the first Japanese Orthodox Christian and priest. Thereafter, Orthodox Christians steadily increased numerically in Northern Japan. In 1871, Kataskin decided to establish a church in Tokyo, the capital city, in order to expand the missionary activity throughout Japan. Soon he started a seminary and publishing unit, printing not only the Bible but also prayer books, theological books, spiritual books, and various other kinds of books that were published in Japanese. Graduates from the seminary spread across all Japan, and by 1884 the number of Orthodox Christians was greater than 10,000 and a cathedral was set for construction. After seven years, the Russian-Byzantine building style was completed and named the Holy Resurrection Cathedral (generally also called "Nikolai-Do"). In 1970 he was canonized as Saint Nikolai of Japan.

Bio by: Warrick L. Barrett


Advertisement

See more Kasatkin memorials in:

Advertisement

Advertisement

How famous was Nikolai Kasatkin?

Current rating:

20 votes

Sign-in to cast your vote.

  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: Warrick L. Barrett
  • Added: 28 Jan 2002
  • Find A Grave Memorial 6136128
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Nikolai Kasatkin (13 Aug 1836–16 Feb 1912), Find A Grave Memorial no. 6136128, citing Yanaka Cemetery, Tokyo, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan ; Maintained by Find A Grave .