Nobel Peace Prize Recipient, International Statesman. Dag Hammarskjold will be remembered for being a strong-willed Secretary-General of the United Nations, seeking international peace and justice, which led to him receiving posthumously the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1961. He is the only Nobel Prize candidate to have ever receive this honor posthumously. Born Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld , he was the youngest of four sons of H jalmar Hammarskjöld, the Prime Minister of Sweden at the start of World War I, a member of the Hague Tribunal investigating international crimes, governor of Uppland, and the chairman of the Board of the Nobel Foundation. After attending local schools, he studied law and economics a the universities at Uppsala and Stockholm receiving Master in Philosophy and Master of Laws degrees, before teaching political economy at the University of Stockholm from 1933 to 1936. Starting young in public service, he held a post at the Swedish Ministry of Finance, the Bank of Sweden and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He first became a Swedish delegate to the United Nations General Assembly in 1949, and on April 10, 1953 was elected as the second secretary-general. He was reelected to a second five-year term in September of 1957. Hammarskjold was known for his hands-on approach to diplomacy, and his role in shaping the U.N. into an active force in making and keeping peace around the world: He negotiated the release of fifteen United States soldiers of the Korean Conflict from China and settled several Middle East conflicts. While he was traveling in a chartered DC-6 airplane on a peace-keeping mission to the newly-formed nation of the Republic of the Congo, his aircraft crashed into a thick forest area in what was then the country of Northern Rhodesia, killing all aboard. His actions of going to the Congo, which was in a state of near civil war, was questioned by the Soviet Union, England, and the United States. There have been many questions about what happened to cause the aircraft to crash with foul play suspected, and most recently in 2017, the case was reopened for investigation and a 2019 documentary, "Hammarskjöld: Cold Case" was released. He never married nor had children. His only book, "Waymarks" was published in 1963. Many colleges world-wide have buildings named in his honor, as well as streets and schools plus postage stamps with his image. The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America has made September 18 th as a day to commemorate this peacemaker on the Calendar of Saints.
Bio by: Linda Davis