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 Jupiter Hammon

Jupiter Hammon

Birth
Death 1806 (aged 94–95)
Burial Unknown
Memorial ID 60649209 · View Source
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The actual death date of Jupiter Hammon is not known for there is no documenting record of a death certificate or the exact spot of his burial. His death year is approximate.




Jupiter Hammon was a Black poet who is known as the first African-American published writer in America when his poem appeared in print in 1760.

Mr. Hammon was a devout Christian, and is considered one of the founders of African American literature.

Mr. Hammon was born a slave and was owned by four generations of the Lloyd family of Queens on Long Island, New York. His parents were both slaves. His parents names were Opium and Rose. He was allowed to attend school, and unlike most slaves could read and write.

On September 24, 1786, He expressed his views on slavery when he delivered his "Address to the Negroes of the State of New York", also known as the "Hammon Address", before the African Society.

His speech was initially published by New York Quakers, and was later reprinted by several groups opposed to slavery, including the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery.

His first published poem was written on December 25, 1760. Three other poems and three sermon essays followed.


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  • Created by: A. L. Parrish
  • Added: 26 Oct 2010
  • Find A Grave Memorial 60649209
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Jupiter Hammon (17 Oct 1711–1806), Find A Grave Memorial no. 60649209, ; Maintained by A. L. Parrish (contributor 46498466) Unknown.