Civil War Union Major General. Born in Woodstock, Vermont, he moved to Lowell, Massachusetts, in his youth, and was educated there as well as in his native state, developing an interest in military and naval history. After attending college for 2 years, he practiced carpentry, with time out for service in the engineers during the Mexican War. In 1855 he entered the Regular Army as a 2nd Lieutenant of infantry. A few months after the outbreak of the Civil War, he was promoted to Captain in his regiment, the 9th Infantry. He proved adept at regimental, brigade, division, and corps command. From March 1862 till early 1864 he received praise in a dozen reports by his superiors, winning 5 brevets during the war for gallantry in the Regular service, including that of Major General, the full grade of which he obtained in the volunteers on August 12, 1864. As Colonel of the 11th Missouri Infantry early in May 1862, he fought conspicuously at Farmington, Iuka, and Corinth. In the last battle he was wounded and taken prisoner, escaping from his guards only to be recaptured and held till paroled. He then received a brigade in the XV Corps, Army of the Tennessee, which he led skillfully throughout the Vicksburg Campaign, being especially conspicuous during the engagement at Jackson, Mississippi, on May 14, 1863. In 1864 he participated in the Red River Campaign in Louisiana, performing notably during the attack on Fort De Russy, on March 14. At Yellow Bayou, 2 months later, he protected the rear of Major General Nathaniel P. Bank's army. Elevated to division command soon afterward, he took part in opposing Sterling Price's Missouri Raid, then accompanied Major General William T. Sherman on his March to the Sea. Winning Sherman's praise several times during that operation, he rose to command the XX Corps as it began the Carolinas Campaign early in 1865. Despite his 2 star brevet in the Regulars, he was dropped to Captain on his muster out of the volunteer army on February 1966. Soon, however, he was appointed Colonel of the 39th and later of the 25th United States Infantry. He died of pneumonia in New Orleans, while commanding the Department of Louisiana.
Bio by: Ugaalltheway