Scout, 7th US Cavalry. Participated in the ill-fated Custer Expedition in 1876, and fought in the Battle of the Little Big Horn.
His parents died when he was 13, and he lived with his uncle until 1861, when he enlisted in the Union Army. Following the Civil War, he returned to his uncle in Indiana, and then in 1868 he moved to Denver, Colorado and later New Mexico, working as a cowhand. In 1869 he followed the cattle trail to Gallatin City, Montana. In June 1875, he helped build Fort Pease, MT, on the left bank of the Yellowstone River. He joined the 7th Cavalry as a scout on 22 June 1876, and was assigned to Reno's battalion, and fought in both the valley fight and the hilltop fight, remaining there for the duration of the battle. In 1877, he participated in the Nez Perce campaign as a scout. He lived in several places in Montana, until 1889, when he settled in Harlem, MT, where he worked on the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation. Cause of death: hypostatic pneumonia.
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