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 Max Ernst

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Max Ernst

  • Birth 2 Apr 1891 Germany
  • Death 1 Apr 1976 Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
  • Burial Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
  • Plot Columbarium (Division 87)
  • Memorial ID 5763

Artist. A philosophy student with no formal art training, he became a founder of the Dada and Surrealist movements. Ernst pioneered the graphic novel with his book "The Woman with 100 Breasts" (1929), a strange narrative consisting entirely of collages. He also developed a technique he called "frottage", using paint, charcoal, and pencil rubbings over different surfaces to achieve unusual textures. His mature paintings, including "Europe after the Rain" (1942) and "The Temptation of St. Anthony" (1944), depict dense, prehistoric landscapes peopled with mythical figures. Ernst was born in Bruhl, Germany. After serving in the German Army during World War I he founded the Cologne branch of Dada, and settled in Paris in 1922. Among his activities with the Surrealists was an appearance as an actor in Luis Bunuel's film "The Golden Age" (1930). At the outbreak of World War II Ernst was imprisoned as an enemy alien. He lived in the United States from 1941 to 1953, then returned to Paris. For the last 30 years of his life he was married to artist Dorothea Tanning. He was previously married to American art patron Peggy Guggenheim.

Bio by: Bobb Edwards


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 22 Jun 1999
  • Find A Grave Memorial 5763
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Max Ernst (2 Apr 1891–1 Apr 1976), Find A Grave Memorial no. 5763, citing Cimetière du Père Lachaise, Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France ; Maintained by Find A Grave .