Artist. He received notoriety for creating lithographs for French newspapers, in which he bitterly satirized the faults of the bourgeoisie, the corruption of the law, and the injustices of his age. His late-period prints bear an astonishing resemblance to today's political cartoons. As a painter, Daumier pioneered in unblemished portrayals of working-class life, but his accomplishments in this field were not recognized until after his death. He also sculpted small clay busts, mostly of local political leaders, as aids to his drawing; many have been cast in bronze and exhibited throughout the world. One recent critic said of them, "They are about the size of hand grenades, and just as deadly". Totally, Daumier produced over 4000 lithographs and 500 paintings. Although born in Marseille, he lived his childhood in Paris. He studied art under a family friend, Alexander Lenoir, an artist and archaeologist, and later, at the Academe Suisse. In 1832, while on the staff of "La Caricature", his grotesque depictions of Emperor Louis Philippe landed him in prison for six months. He later joined the satirical journal "Charivari". Daumier was totally blind for the last two years of his life. His lithographs have given him a lasting reputation as one of the giants of printmaking. Honore Daumier was originally buried in Valmondois Cemetery but on April 16, 1880, Daumier's remains were transferred to Cimetiere due Lachaise in Paris to be buried next to his mother. A marker is located at Valmondois Cemetery to honor him.
Bio by: Bobb Edwards