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Pvt James Ralph Allen

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Pvt James Ralph Allen

  • Birth 20 Sep 1922 Logan County, Arkansas, USA
  • Death 18 Sep 1944 Peleliu, Palau
  • Burial Manila, Metro Manila, National Capital Region, Philippines
  • Plot Tablets of the Missing
  • Memorial ID 56774536

James Ralph Allen was the son of Carl Vivian Allen and Annie E. Musgrove. He was born and raised in Arkansas and received his education there.

Like a million other young men, James enlisted in the military to serve his country against the Axis powers of World War II. He chose the United states Marine Corps to fight against the Empire of Japan who had attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on 7 December, 1941 - "A day that will live in infamy". After completing his boot camp and infantry training, James was assigned to Company A, 1st Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division.

In 15 September, 1944, U.S. Marines of the First Marine Division and later soldiers of the U.S. Army's 81st Infantry Division, fought to capture an airstrip on Peleliu, a small island in the Palaus chain. This battle, called Operation Stalemate II, was part of a larger offensive campaign known as Operation Forager which ran from June 1944 to November 1944 in the Pacific Theater of Operations. The strategic importance of this airstrip and the necessity to capture it has been questioned since the day the battle began. Regardless of it's importance now, the assault landing and battle was toughly fought and what was supposed to take only four days took three months. The Japanese lost over 10,000 men who were killed and another 200 that were captured. American casualties totaled approximately 542 killed, 2,736 wounded or missing from the Army's 81st Infantry Division, and 1,252 killed, 5,274 wounded or missing from the 1st Marine Division. One of those killed was James Ralph Allen who died on the third day of combat. His body was recovered from the battlefield and taken aboard ship. He was later buried at sea with full military honors.

At the time of his death, James' parents were living at Route 1, Huntington, Logan County, Arkansas.

A government memorial marker (cenotaph) was erected by the family next to where James' parents are buried in the French Prairie Cemetery, Ione, Logan County, Arkansas. There is a Find-A-Grave memorial for this marker that can be seen at # 22915376.

Private James Ralph Allen, Sn# 414596, earned the following decorations for his service during World War II and the United Sates Marine Corps (not in order of precedence):
- Combat Action Ribbon
- Purple Heart Medal
- Navy/Marine Corps Presidential Unit Citation Ribbon
- Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal
- American Campaign Medal
- Asiatic-Pacific Theater of Operations Campaign Medal with bronze battle/campaign star(s)
- World War II Victory Medal
- Marine Corps Marksmanship Badge
- Marine Corps Qualification Badge with Bar(s)

For further reading on the Battle of Peleliu, this writer recommends "With the Old Breed at Peleliu and Okinawa", written by Eugene Sledge who served with Company K, 3rd Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment, a sister battalion to James' and who fought in the virtually the same battles.

SEMPER FIDELIS!


Family Members

Parents
Siblings
Gravesite Details Entered the service from Arkansas. His body was recovered from the battlefield and was later buried at sea.

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  • Maintained by: Rick Lawrence
  • Originally Created by: CWGC/ABMC
  • Added: 8 Aug 2010
  • Find A Grave Memorial 56774536
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Pvt James Ralph Allen (20 Sep 1922–18 Sep 1944), Find A Grave Memorial no. 56774536, citing Manila American Cemetery and Memorial, Manila, Metro Manila, National Capital Region, Philippines ; Maintained by Rick Lawrence (contributor 47207615) .