Maj Hermann Johann Friedrich Bottcher

Maj Hermann Johann Friedrich Bottcher

Birth
Germany
Death 31 Dec 1944 (aged 35)
Leyte, Leyte Province, Eastern Visayas, Philippines
Burial Manila, Capital District, National Capital Region, Philippines
Plot L, Row 4, Grave 134
Memorial ID 56754519 · View Source
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German national who achieved the rank of Major with two different armies: the International Brigade during the Spanish Civil War and the United States Army during World War II. He was awarded two U.S. Distinguished Service Crosses, the second highest U.S. military decoration after the Medal of Honor. Because the International Brigade was a nominally Communist organization, the United States Government denied him American citizenship for many years. Bottcher however, joined the United States Army and distinguished himself in combat during World War II. He was granted his U.S. citizenship days before he was mortally wounded.

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Among Major Bottcher's military decorations are the following:

Distinguished Service Cross with Oak Leaf Cluster
Silver Star
Legion of Merit
Purple Heart with 3 Oak Leaf Clusters
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with two Bronze Service Stars
Philippine Liberation Medal
World War II Victory Medal
Presidential Unit Citation

Badges:

Combat Infantryman Badge

Foreign Decorations:

Spanish Civil War Medal of the International Brigades
Spanish Medal of Valour

Gravesite Details Entered the service from California.

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  • Maintained by: Glendora
  • Originally Created by: CWGC/ABMC
  • Added: 8 Aug 2010
  • Find A Grave Memorial 56754519
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Maj Hermann Johann Friedrich Bottcher (13 Jul 1909–31 Dec 1944), Find A Grave Memorial no. 56754519, citing Manila American Cemetery and Memorial, Manila, Capital District, National Capital Region, Philippines ; Maintained by Glendora (contributor 46931045) .