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Sgt Henry Lawrence “Harry” Younge

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Sgt Henry Lawrence “Harry” Younge

Birth
Copiague, Suffolk County, New York, USA
Death
26 May 1945 (aged 20)
Tokyo Metropolis, Japan
Memorial Site*
Honolulu, Honolulu County, Hawaii, USA

* A structure erected in honor of someone whose remains lie elsewhere.

Plot
Courts of the Missing ~ Court 5
Memorial ID
56136244 View Source

Henry served as a Sergeant and Tail Gunner on B-29 #44-69871, 30th Bomber Squadron, 19th Bomber Group, U.S. Army Air Force during World War II.

He resided in Suffolk County, New York prior to the war.

He enlisted in the Army on August 20, 1943 in New York City, New York. He was noted, at the time of his enlistment, as being Single, without dependents.

B-29 #44-69871 took off, with a crew of 11, from the North Field in Guam on a bombing mission Kawasaki, Japan. They were shot down and crashed near their target.

See a more detailed report on what happened below the crew report.

Henry became a Prisoner Of War on the day of the crash, April 16, 1945, during the war.

Henry was later reported as "Killed While A POW".

He was awarded the Prisoner Of War Medal and the Purple Heart.

His remains have not been recovered.

Service # 42031151

Son of Dr. Lawrence John & Mrs. Florence Younge who resided in Copiague, New York.

( Bio by: Russ Pickett )

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Crew of B-29 (#44-69871):

Baker, James E., 2nd Lt, Co-Pilot, IL, KIA
Bartholomew, Donald L., 2nd Lt, Navigator, IN, KIA
**Currier, Joseph G., 1st Lt, Bombardier, ME, POW/KIA
Hartrich, Robert E., M/Sgt, Engineer, TN, KIA
Kronick, Archer S., S/Sgt, CFC, NY, KIA
*Ransler, Warren H., 2nd Lt, Radar Operator, ???, POW
Schofield, John L., 1st Lt, Pilot, TN, KIA
**Scolaro, Anthony, S/Sgt, Radio Operator, IL?, POW/KIA
Vogola, Francis J., S/Sgt, Right Gunner, NY, KIA
**Ware, Bertram L., Sgt, Left Gunner, MD, POW/KIA
**Younge, Henry L., S/Sgt, Tail Gunner, NY, POW/KIA

* 2nd Lt. Warren H. Ransler was the only one to survive the war and come home.

** These four airmen were POW's and are believed to have been killed by the Japanese Army in May, 1945.

( Crew Report by: Russell S. "Russ" Pickett )

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Submitted by: " G47 ":

Sgt Henry L. Younge (42031151) was one of eleven aircrew flying in a B-29 Super Fortress, aircraft M-34 (AAF Serial No. 44-69871), from 30th Bomb. Squadron, 19th Bomb. Group. They departed North Field, Guam about 1730, 15 April 1945 on an incendiary bombing attack on Kawasaki, Japan. Landfall was reached about 0030, 16 April 1945. M-34 approached the target from the South over Sagami Bay. As the aircraft approached Yokohama Point, the aiming point on the bombing run, enemy searchlights illuminated the B-29. A few seconds before release of the bombs, the aircraft suffered a direct hit by anti-aircraft fire from ground batteries. The pilot, 1st Lt John L. Schofield Jr., was wounded slightly in the shoulder. The bombs were released on the target at about 0047. Immediate breakaway was made across Tokyo Bay. A fire that had begun in the bomb bays was fanned by a slipstream caused by the failure of the bay door mechanism. The bomb bay doors would not close. As the aircraft approached the shores of the Chiba Peninsula, the crew saw fires had begun in engines No. 2 and No. 3. The aircraft began losing altitude rapidly as the fires became more intense. The interphone system failed breaking contact with those crewmen in the forward compartment. The order to bail out was given. All crew members in the rear compartment bailed out including Sgt Younge who was the tail gunner. Soon after, the flaming aircraft went into a spin and crashed in a valley. The details concerning the subsequent capture of the four known survivors and their final disposition by the Japanese is unknown.

The only known survivor of this crew to see the war end, 1st Lt Warren H. Ransler, wrote "Casualty Information No. 5439" dated 10 April 1946 from which the details surrounding the loss of his B-29 were taken. I have edited the contents of the letter but not the facts.

The following is a summary of events taken from a report of action also written by 1st Lt Warren H. Ransler on 10 April 1946, and sent to the Commanding General, Army Air Forces, Washington, DC. The subject of the letter was, "Prisoners of War Transferred from Kempei Headquarters o/a 10 May 1945." Ransler stated that he had previously sent information regarding POWs that were members of his crew and their disposition by the Japanese to the Judge Advocate General's Office through agents of the War Crimes Commission. He describes how M-34 (AAF Serial No. 44-69871) was lost in action on 16 April 1945 over Japan. I have edited this letter but not the facts. Lt Ransler stated that he was brought to Tokyo on 5 May 1945 after evading the Japanese for 19 days. He writes that a group of between 50-100 prisoners were to be moved from Kempei HQ, Tokyo to some unknown location between 6-11 May 1945. On 6 May 1945 Lt Ransler believes he heard the voice of Sgt Henry L. Younge, a tail gunner on his crew, answering roll call. Within a day or two Younge was transferred with other POWs to an unknown location. Later, Ransler learned by hearsay that two other members of his crew, Sgt Anthony F. Scolaro and Sgt Bertram L. Ware, had been in Kempei and had also been taken out during the 6-11 May 1945 period. In another letter written by POW 1st Lt Fiske Hanley, (398th Bomb. Sq., 504th Bomb Grp, B-29 #42-24864) shot down 27 Mar 1945, confirmed that Sgt Tony Scolaro was imprisoned in the cell with him as a POW at Kempei.

Ransler never learned where these men were taken, but he wrote that all the POWs were told they were to stand trial as war criminals. According to an Aircraft Missing Report dated 16 April 1945, all members of M-34 were declared missing in action. One year later a news article in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY) of 17 April 1946 stated that Mr. and Mrs. J.L. Younge, the parents of Sgt Lawrence (sic) Younge, were notified by the War Department that their son was killed in a prison camp during an air raid on 26 May 1945. Other news articles in 1946 about Sgts Anthony F. Scolaro and Bertram Lee Ware indicated they also died in the same air raid of 26 May 1945.

Sgt Younge was posthumously awarded the Purple Heart, World War II Victory Medal, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, and he may be eligible for the POW Medal and an Air Medal.

Henry served as a Sergeant and Tail Gunner on B-29 #44-69871, 30th Bomber Squadron, 19th Bomber Group, U.S. Army Air Force during World War II.

He resided in Suffolk County, New York prior to the war.

He enlisted in the Army on August 20, 1943 in New York City, New York. He was noted, at the time of his enlistment, as being Single, without dependents.

B-29 #44-69871 took off, with a crew of 11, from the North Field in Guam on a bombing mission Kawasaki, Japan. They were shot down and crashed near their target.

See a more detailed report on what happened below the crew report.

Henry became a Prisoner Of War on the day of the crash, April 16, 1945, during the war.

Henry was later reported as "Killed While A POW".

He was awarded the Prisoner Of War Medal and the Purple Heart.

His remains have not been recovered.

Service # 42031151

Son of Dr. Lawrence John & Mrs. Florence Younge who resided in Copiague, New York.

( Bio by: Russ Pickett )

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Crew of B-29 (#44-69871):

Baker, James E., 2nd Lt, Co-Pilot, IL, KIA
Bartholomew, Donald L., 2nd Lt, Navigator, IN, KIA
**Currier, Joseph G., 1st Lt, Bombardier, ME, POW/KIA
Hartrich, Robert E., M/Sgt, Engineer, TN, KIA
Kronick, Archer S., S/Sgt, CFC, NY, KIA
*Ransler, Warren H., 2nd Lt, Radar Operator, ???, POW
Schofield, John L., 1st Lt, Pilot, TN, KIA
**Scolaro, Anthony, S/Sgt, Radio Operator, IL?, POW/KIA
Vogola, Francis J., S/Sgt, Right Gunner, NY, KIA
**Ware, Bertram L., Sgt, Left Gunner, MD, POW/KIA
**Younge, Henry L., S/Sgt, Tail Gunner, NY, POW/KIA

* 2nd Lt. Warren H. Ransler was the only one to survive the war and come home.

** These four airmen were POW's and are believed to have been killed by the Japanese Army in May, 1945.

( Crew Report by: Russell S. "Russ" Pickett )

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Submitted by: " G47 ":

Sgt Henry L. Younge (42031151) was one of eleven aircrew flying in a B-29 Super Fortress, aircraft M-34 (AAF Serial No. 44-69871), from 30th Bomb. Squadron, 19th Bomb. Group. They departed North Field, Guam about 1730, 15 April 1945 on an incendiary bombing attack on Kawasaki, Japan. Landfall was reached about 0030, 16 April 1945. M-34 approached the target from the South over Sagami Bay. As the aircraft approached Yokohama Point, the aiming point on the bombing run, enemy searchlights illuminated the B-29. A few seconds before release of the bombs, the aircraft suffered a direct hit by anti-aircraft fire from ground batteries. The pilot, 1st Lt John L. Schofield Jr., was wounded slightly in the shoulder. The bombs were released on the target at about 0047. Immediate breakaway was made across Tokyo Bay. A fire that had begun in the bomb bays was fanned by a slipstream caused by the failure of the bay door mechanism. The bomb bay doors would not close. As the aircraft approached the shores of the Chiba Peninsula, the crew saw fires had begun in engines No. 2 and No. 3. The aircraft began losing altitude rapidly as the fires became more intense. The interphone system failed breaking contact with those crewmen in the forward compartment. The order to bail out was given. All crew members in the rear compartment bailed out including Sgt Younge who was the tail gunner. Soon after, the flaming aircraft went into a spin and crashed in a valley. The details concerning the subsequent capture of the four known survivors and their final disposition by the Japanese is unknown.

The only known survivor of this crew to see the war end, 1st Lt Warren H. Ransler, wrote "Casualty Information No. 5439" dated 10 April 1946 from which the details surrounding the loss of his B-29 were taken. I have edited the contents of the letter but not the facts.

The following is a summary of events taken from a report of action also written by 1st Lt Warren H. Ransler on 10 April 1946, and sent to the Commanding General, Army Air Forces, Washington, DC. The subject of the letter was, "Prisoners of War Transferred from Kempei Headquarters o/a 10 May 1945." Ransler stated that he had previously sent information regarding POWs that were members of his crew and their disposition by the Japanese to the Judge Advocate General's Office through agents of the War Crimes Commission. He describes how M-34 (AAF Serial No. 44-69871) was lost in action on 16 April 1945 over Japan. I have edited this letter but not the facts. Lt Ransler stated that he was brought to Tokyo on 5 May 1945 after evading the Japanese for 19 days. He writes that a group of between 50-100 prisoners were to be moved from Kempei HQ, Tokyo to some unknown location between 6-11 May 1945. On 6 May 1945 Lt Ransler believes he heard the voice of Sgt Henry L. Younge, a tail gunner on his crew, answering roll call. Within a day or two Younge was transferred with other POWs to an unknown location. Later, Ransler learned by hearsay that two other members of his crew, Sgt Anthony F. Scolaro and Sgt Bertram L. Ware, had been in Kempei and had also been taken out during the 6-11 May 1945 period. In another letter written by POW 1st Lt Fiske Hanley, (398th Bomb. Sq., 504th Bomb Grp, B-29 #42-24864) shot down 27 Mar 1945, confirmed that Sgt Tony Scolaro was imprisoned in the cell with him as a POW at Kempei.

Ransler never learned where these men were taken, but he wrote that all the POWs were told they were to stand trial as war criminals. According to an Aircraft Missing Report dated 16 April 1945, all members of M-34 were declared missing in action. One year later a news article in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY) of 17 April 1946 stated that Mr. and Mrs. J.L. Younge, the parents of Sgt Lawrence (sic) Younge, were notified by the War Department that their son was killed in a prison camp during an air raid on 26 May 1945. Other news articles in 1946 about Sgts Anthony F. Scolaro and Bertram Lee Ware indicated they also died in the same air raid of 26 May 1945.

Sgt Younge was posthumously awarded the Purple Heart, World War II Victory Medal, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, and he may be eligible for the POW Medal and an Air Medal.


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