Lt Patrick Henry Hart

Lt Patrick Henry Hart

New York, New York County (Manhattan), New York, USA
Death 4 Jun 1942 (aged 27)
At Sea
Cenotaph Honolulu, Honolulu County, Hawaii, USA
Plot Courts of the Missing
Memorial ID 56110108 · View Source
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Patrick H. Hart was born in New York City to Eugene J and Emma Elizabeth Carrell Hart who were married about 1901. They also had another son, Eugene James Jr born about 1904. Patrick entered the US Naval Academy on 13 Jun 1933 with an appointment from California. He was graduated and commissioned an Ensign on 3 Jun 1937. His first duty was aboard the USS Colorado (BB-45) began on 30 Jun 1937 Later, according to the Naval History and Heritage Command, he served aboard the USS West Virginia (BB-48). He began his flight training in Jun 1939 in Pensacola, FL. He also earned a sub-speciality as a French language interpreter. About the time he completed his flight training, he was promoted to Lt (Junior Grade) on 3 Jun 1940. About a month later on 5 July 1940 he began his tour with Torpedo Squadron Three (VT-3) embarked USS Saratago (CV-3). He was promoted to the temporary rank of Lieutenant on 02 Jan 1942. After the Saratoga (CV-3) was torpedoed and had to return to the West Coast for repairs, Torpedo Three was transferred to Hawaii. On 28 May 1942 they were transferred to the USS Yorktown. It was from the Yorktown that Torpedo Three flew into battle on 4 Jun 1942 against the Japanese striking force. Of the twelve planes that took off from the Yorktown that morning only two returned, but had to ditch. Three of the four crewman survived. Lt Hart and his gunner/radioman, ARM1 Johnnie Ralph Cole, were missing in action. Their remains were unrecoverable. They were declared presumed dead on 5 Jun 1943. Lt Hart was awarded for his heroism the Navy Cross and the Purple Heart medals.
The Van Nuys News (Van Nuys, California) - 17 Aug 1933, Thu - Page 7
People and What They are Doing. Personal Activities of Van Nuys Vicinity
Patrick Henry Hart, son of K.J. Hart, in charge of the Western Union here, received an appointment to Annapolis and passed among the highest in entrance examinations. The academic year begins the first of next month.
The President of the United States of America takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Lieutenant Patrick Henry Hart (NSN: 0-78621), United States Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Executive Officer of Torpedo Squadron THREE (VT-3), attached to the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a Torpedo Plane assault against Japanese naval units, Lieutenant Hart, in the face of tremendous anti-aircraft fire and overwhelming fighter opposition, pressed home his attack to a point where it became relatively certain that, in order to accomplish his mission, he would probably sacrifice his life. Undeterred by the grave possibilities of such a hazardous offensive, he carried on, with extreme disregard for his own personal safety, until his squadron scored direct hits on two enemy aircraft carriers. His self sacrificing gallantry and fortitude were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
General Orders: Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
The Los Angeles Times (Los Angeles, California) - 12 Jun 1944, Mon- Page 16
Destroyers Will Bear Names of Four Heroes – Vessels Being Built With $40, 371, 372 Left From War Bond Drive For Cruiser Los Angeles

Four sleek destroyers named for Los Angeles’ outstanding naval heroes of World War II will be launched soon as a triumphant climax to last year’s War Bond campaign to build the cruiser Los Angeles. The drive boomed over the top – a $40,000,000 quota – and onward to total sales of $80,371,372. The extra funds are being used in Pacific Coast shipyard to construct 2200 ton destroyers honoring four Angelenos (sic) killed in action.
They are Capt. Willard Woodward Keith, Jr., U.S.M.C.R.; Lt James Charles Owens, Jr., U.S.N., Lt. Patrick Henry Hart, U.S.N., and Aviation Radioman 3rd Class Robert Kingsbury (King) Huntington, U.S.N.

Four Die In Pacific
Keith was killed at Guadalcanal and the three others lost their lives June 4, 1942, in the air Battle of Midway. Keith was the son of Willard W. Keith Sr., who was Southern California regional director of the Office of Civilian Defense and subsequently director of the State War Council. Owens, executive officer of Torpedo Squadron 8, which became known as the “suicide squadron, “ was a football and track ace at Los Angeles High School before playing football at the University of Southern California. Hart was a Polytechnic High School graduate and a bank employee before being appointed a midshipman in 1933.

“Warship Dividend”
Huntington, a native Angeleno, attended elementary Los Angeles schools, the California Preparatory School in Covina, the Eliot School in Altadena, and Pasadena Junior College, before going to the University of Washington and enlisting in the Navy in 1941.
James L. Beebe, chairman of the citizens’ committee which engineered and overwhelmingly successful bond drive, and Mayor Bowron announced the “warship dividends” to be built in addition to the cruiser Los Angeles. A committee of admirals reviewed service records of officers and enlisted men of the Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard to choose the outstanding heroes, giving consideration to men who either were born in Los Angeles County or had lived some portion of their life her or whose parents were residing here.

Exploits of Heroes
Capt. Keith, who attended Beverly Hills High School and Stanford University, lost his life while leading marines in bayonet and hand-grenade charges at Guadalcanal. An enemy platoon entrenched with machine guns on commanding ground was annihilated. Keith was posthumously awarded the Navy Cross, the Purple Heart and the Presidential Unit Citation.
Owens delivered an effective torpedo attack at Midway against violent assaults of enemy aircraft and an almost solid barrage of anti-aircraft fire. The Navy last year dedicated Owens Hall, formerly the Sigma Chi fraternity house, in his honor at the University of Southern California. He also was awarded the Navy Cross and the Presidential Unit Citation.
Hart received the Navy Cross for extraordinary heroism as pilot of another torpedo squadron plane the same day in the Battle of Midway. Ignoring tremendous ack-ack fire and overwhelming fighter opposition, he pressed his assault against Jap naval units until it became relatively certain he would sacrifice his life if he accomplished his mission. He carried on and his squadron scored direct hits on two enemy aircraft carriers.
Huntington, known always as “King,” participated as a radioman and free machine gunner on a Torpedo Squadron 8 plane in this battle. He pressed home his attack against similar gunfire, grimly aware he was flying without fighter support and with insufficient fuel to return to his carrier. He has been awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, The Presidential Unit Citation and the Purple Heart.
[transcribed by G47]
[Articles transcribed and bio compiled by G47]

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  • Maintained by: G47
  • Originally Created by: CWGC/ABMC
  • Added: 6 Aug 2010
  • Find A Grave Memorial 56110108
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Lt Patrick Henry Hart (31 May 1915–4 Jun 1942), Find A Grave Memorial no. 56110108, citing Honolulu Memorial, Honolulu, Honolulu County, Hawaii, USA ; Maintained by G47 (contributor 47281148) .