Founder of the Watch Tower Society which became the Jehovah's Witnesses in 1931. Charles Taze Russell was an American Preacher, Salesman, Pyramidologist, and Author. He was the Founder of The Bible Students (Allegheny, Pennsylvania), also known as "Russellites." He amassed a small fortune in book and publication sales, as well as the infamous sales of "Miracle Wheat." CT Russell's education was that of 7 years in public schools, and while not proficient in Greek or Hebrew, nor officially ordained as a Pastor, nor ever having attended seminary, he assumed the title of Pastor Russell, and would to this day be remembered by such title. He would go on to be one of the most well known religious leaders in history. CT Russell's fascination with Adventism and numerological Pyramidology prompted his vast studies in end time prophesies. As a Zionist, he founded "Zion's Watchtower and Herald of Christ's Presence". He also published "Millennial Dawn", (a 6 part series later renamed "Studies in the Scriptures") and was assistant Editor of "Herald of the Morning". He penned many other periodicals which would sell to the masses by the millions. Watchtower Bible and Tract Society would form under Russell in the 1884 and be the parent entity of the Jehovah's Witnesses, formed in 1931 as a direct result of Russell's teachings. CT Russell was known as the "Faithful and Wise Servant" which later translated to "Faithful and Discreet Slave." His significant prophecy of 1914 was said to be the time of the end, but was later modified to be the time of the invisible return of Christ. Additional significant prophetic dates of Watchtower would go on to fascinate researchers up to present day. Russell believed that God provided him with secret knowledge which would be the catalyst in his doctrinal teachings. A pyramid chart from the 1911 Bible Students Convention Souvenir Report was offered to members, which outlined Russell's calculations of the Great Pyramid of Giza as it related to biblical prophecy. The intricate drawing, which further illuminated Russell's esoteric beliefs, would later become an iconic staple in his eschatological assertions that the year 1914 would bring an end to the world. The chart is found in what is presumed to be thousands of research websites and books focused on pseudoscientific speculations, Jehovah's Witness history research publications, and studies on the religious prophets of old. Russell married Maria Frances Ackley in 1879, but later separated in 1897. Maria passed away at the age of 88 in 1938, long after the separation. After his death in 1916, one year after his final prophecy, Russell was buried near a large and notable stone pyramid in the name of Watchtower Bible and Tract Society. A large cross and wreath graces the top of the memorial monument and receives hundreds of visitors to date. His tombstone reads, "Laodicean Messenger" and has a photo of him at the top of the stone.
Bio by: DaughtersOfTheRevolution
Maria Frances Ackley Russell
1850–1938 (m. 1879)
The Laodicean Messenger