Author. He was a 20th century Austrian writer. Born in a middle-class Jewish family, he was in the shadow of his domineering shopkeeper father, who impressed Kafka as an awesome patriarch. He was the eldest child in a family of six children; his two younger brothers died as infants and his three sisters were victims of the Nazi Holocaust during World War II. He finished law school in 1906 and started working for an insurance agency. In 1917 tuberculosis forced him to take repeated sick leave and finally, in 1922, he retired from working. After 1917, he spent half his time between sanatoriums and health resorts. Kafka led a fairly active social life, including acquaintance with many prominent literary and intellectual figures of his era, such as the writers Leo Perutz, Franz Werfel and Max Brod. He loved to hike, swim, and row, and during vacations, he took carefully planned trips. In 1923 he briefly moved to Berlin in the hope of distancing himself from his family's influence to concentrate on his writing. His tuberculosis worsened as it was in his throat and he could not eat. He returned to Prague, and was admitted to a sanatorium near Vienna for treatment, where he died a month later. His body was brought back to Prague where he was buried. Kafka published only a few short stories during his lifetime, a small part of his work. Before dying, he instructed his friend Max Brod, to destroy all of his manuscripts and ensure that they never saw the light of day. However, Brod did not take Kafka literally and oversaw the publication of most of his work. Some of his works are "Meditation," "The Judgment," "The Trial." Even in the 21st century, his works impacted other authors and other forms of entertainment.
Bio by: Jelena
(Hebrew) "Tuesday, first of the month of Sivan 5684. The magnificent, unmarried man, cited above, our teacher and master Anschel, of blessed memory, the son of the greatly revered R. Heinich Kafka, may his light shine. His mother’s name is Yettl. May his soul be bound in the union of life"