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 Franceska Mann

Franceska Mann

Birth
Poland
Death 23 Oct 1943 (aged 26)
Poland
Burial Cremated, Other, Specifically: Taken to the crematorium at Auschwitz
Memorial ID 55229207 · View Source
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A resistance heroine from Auschwitz.
Before the outbreak of WW II she lived in Warsaw, worked there as music-hall dancer and performed at the famous Melody Palace nightclub.
After the Nazi Germany had invaded and occupied Poland she escaped the ghetto and went into hiding on the "Aryan" site of Warsaw.
In spring 1943 the Germans declaired that all Polish Jews, who possessed visas of the neutral South American counties would be sent there.
Ms. Mann obtained (or forged) one of those visas and then sought refuge in "Hotel Polski", transformed by the Nazis into the transit camp.
However, the allegedly neutral South American states that admitted numerous Nazi War criminals after 1945 did not lift a finger to rescue their victims, who were deported from "Hotel Polski" first to Bergen-Belsen and then (on October 23, 1943) to Auschwitz.
After the train arrived at the death camp the Jews were told that they were to be "disinfected" before crossing the Swiss border. While some began to comply with the SS orders to undress and enter the gas chamber, others hesitated, unwilling to take off clothes which contained their precious travel documents. As they delayed, the SS assumed more menacing stances, threatening the Jews with guns and finally beating them mercilessly with sticks.
Franceska Mann was a girl of striking beauty and had not lost it completely despite all suffering.
Thus she attracted the attention of the SS man Schillinger, who ogled her as she undressed.
Suddenly she threw an article of clothing at Schillinger, hitting him in the head. As he opened his holster, Franceska Mann grabbed his pistol and shot twice mortally wounding him; the third shot wounded a second SS man, Emmerich, who later recovered, but was disabled.
Inspired by her courage the fellow prisoners attacked the SS guards and severely injured two of them, but could not do anything against the machine guns and were within minutes shot or driven into the gas chamber.


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  • Created by: Pilgrim
  • Added: 21 Jul 2010
  • Find A Grave Memorial 55229207
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Franceska Mann (4 Feb 1917–23 Oct 1943), Find A Grave Memorial no. 55229207, ; Maintained by Pilgrim (contributor 47234243) Cremated, Other, who reports a Taken to the crematorium at Auschwitz.