Samuel Noble

Samuel Noble

Birth
Cornwall, England
Death 13 Aug 1888 (aged 53)
Anniston, Calhoun County, Alabama, USA
Burial Anniston, Calhoun County, Alabama, USA
Memorial ID 5492946 · View Source
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Co-Founder of the town of Anniston Alabama.

Anniston is a reconstruction era city. It is located in the southern segment of Calhoun County on the site of the former Oxford Furnace. Residents of legacy Benton County, the forerunner of Calhoun, styled the entire area as "Pine Ankle" owing to the dense pine forests that long existed in what is now present-day Anniston. During the War Between the States, the Confederacy built an iron works in the area, owing to its outcroppings of iron ore, limestone, fuel sources for kiln operations, dolomite and, access to rail. That kiln was operational in April 1863, however, the top half of the blast funnel was thrown down during a raid by National Forces in April 1865. After restoration of Peace many southern cities sought enterprise developments as a method to enter the industrial era.

The Noble Brothers Iron Works of Floyd County, Rome, Georgia, was seeking for a enhanced future after Peace. The Nobles invested in raw land adjacent to the old Oxford Furnace. Noble interests hoped to establish a new iron works. In 1872, Samuel Noble visited Alfred Tyler of Charleston, South Carolina, to advise Tyler of the potential for creating an iron works in Alabama. In due course, Noble met General Daniel Tyler, Alfred's son and,
a partnership was eventually drawn which formed the Woodstock Iron Company. This enterprise dates its founding to May 4, 1872, and was for practical purposes the beginning of Anniston.

By 1873 Woodstock Iron Works built a 50-ton charcoal furnace. Not deterred by the Panic of 1873 plus a depression, Woodstock Iron prospered because of the extraordinary high quality "pig" iron that it produced. In 1879 a second 50-ton furnance was added to meet demand. Samuel Noble was visionary, an early city planner and a type of Gilded Age reformer. He decided Anniston, named after Alfred Tyler's wife, would be a utopian-like social experiment settlement. He hoped to create a "model city." In order to achieve this, he built cottages for the workers with yards and gardens, laid-out tree lined streets, opened a commisary (a company store), furnished a farming operation to produce food, built schools and churches. Noble supplied many infrastructure improvements as well, such as water and sanitary sewer, a cemetery, and brought rail transportation as close to Anniston as was feasible.

In 1881 Anniston added a second major industry: cotton textiles. With this advent Anniston was declared an "open city" on July 3, 1883 and, thereby began a dramatic growth in addition to a fantastic building boom. Anniston's growth thus continued unabated for quite a long time and was, at one time, counted amongst the larger populated towns in Alabama.

Samuel Noble died unexpectedly whilest on a visit to the Leatherwood section nearby Blue Mountain where he was inspecting railroad rolling stock equipment. The attendance at his funeral was reported in excess of 5,000 mourners. Noble did not witness the spectacular growth of his idea for a city. However, by the 1950's the automobile had made it possible for families to relocate to suburban outreaches.


*obituary reads that he died at the Anniston Inn, of which he took great pride in building.

Bio by: mulder


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  • Created by: William E. BARNARD
  • Added: 30 May 2001
  • Find A Grave Memorial 5492946
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Samuel Noble (22 Nov 1834–13 Aug 1888), Find A Grave Memorial no. 5492946, citing Hillside Cemetery, Anniston, Calhoun County, Alabama, USA ; Maintained by William E. BARNARD (contributor 46484017) .