Capt Andrew Badgley

Capt Andrew Badgley

Essex County, New Jersey, USA
Death Aug 1839 (aged 67)
Highland County, Ohio, USA
Burial Mowrystown, Highland County, Ohio, USA
Memorial ID 54741682 · View Source
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Andrew Badgley received his Captain's commission in Chillicothe, Ross County in the North West Territory in 1801.

Many other officers of the 1st and 2nd regiment also received their commissions at the same time.

Veteran War of 1812, Sergeant, Keys Regiment, Ohio Militia

Andrew Badgley was listed in Mason County, Kentucky
tax lists for the years of 1790 thru 1800.

Andrew Badgleyand his wife Hester/Esther moved to Highland County, Ohio about 1803. At least three of their children were probably born in Mason County, with the rest born after the move to Ohio. Listed among their children are:

*Isaac Badgley : Born abt 1798 - Married - Sarah "Sally"
Robison/Robinson in Highland County .

*Robert Badgley :Born 1780/90 - Married - Jane Manning in
Clermont County - Married 2nd - Sally Gibler in Brown County.

*Sarah Badgley : Born 1794 - Married - George Barngrover in
Highland County.

*Polly Badgley : Born ca 1795 - Married - Jacob Surber in
Highland County.

*William Badgley : Born Abt 1802/1803 - Married - Lydia Surber in Highland County.

*Elizabeth "Betsy": Born ca 1800 - Married- Ashford Hough
in Highland County.

*Jane Badgley : Born Abt 1802 - Married - Alexander Edie
in Highland County.

*Andrew Palmer Badgley : Born Ca 1804 - Married
Hannah Wisby in Highland County.

*James Harvey Badgley : Born abt 1805 - Married
Eave Surber in Highland County..

Some of Andrew Badgley and Hester's descendants spread to the neighboring counties of Brown and Clermont.

Andrew Badgley Married 2nd Nancy Cue , September 11, 1823 in Clermont County, Ohio

White Oak Township, Mowrystown was just a pioneer settlement until May 29, 1829, when Samuel Bell platted it for a town and remaned it in honor of Squire Abe Mowry, a highly esteemed resident. The first settler was Captain Andrew Badgley who had established his home near Mowrystown soon after 1800.


The Summer Term of the Court of Common Pleas, held at New Market on 11 June 1806 contains elements of a story about Andrew:

"Captain Andrew Badgley was a Kentuckian, who came to Ohio about the time it was organized under the Constitution, and settled on Whiteoak, a mile or two above the present county line. He is represented as a very strong and active man, and wild and bold as he was physically powerful, particularly when he had been drinking whisky, as was too frequently the case when away from home.

"On this occasion, he was called before the Court as a witness in a case. He took the stand, after being sworn, and commenced his statement, but it was too remote from the point to please the counsel, and he, rather rudely as Badgley thought, stopped him, and requested him to tell what he knew about the matter in issue. Badgley, a little riled, resumed the same roundabout narrative of the circumstances, introductory, as he intended it, to the main point. Again the counsel stopped him, but Badgley by this time had got his blood up, and he determined to go through with his story. The counsel appealed to the Court, who commanded the witness to stop and take his seat. Badgley stood a moment boiling with rage, evening the Court, and then remarked, in a loud and angry tone, "This is the damnedest dirtiest Court I ever saw, and I won't stay in it. You summons a man before you, then swear him to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, and then you won't let him tell it." As he uttered the last words he strode out of the crowd collected around the Court, with an air and mien as lofty as Knight of the Middle Ages.

"The Court was perfectly astounded, and the President Judge could not at first find utterance for his wrath. At length, after Badgley had untied his hors from a sapling within sight of the Bench, and was about mounting him, his Honor found words to order the Sheriff to arrest that man instantly. But the hot headed Captain was already under whip, on a splendid Kentucky gelding swift almost as the wind, and was out of sight in a moment.

"There were, however, many horses hitched around among the bushes which formed the outer boundaries of the Court room, and the Sheriff, who was Major Anthony Franklin, ordered some fifteen or twenty men to accompany him. They mounted in hot haste and gave chase, for in those days the Highlanders held the majesty of the law in great respect and awe. The chase continued till they arrived in the vicinity of Badgley's cabin, some ten miles distant from where the Court sat, under a shady tree on a puncheon bench. The Sheriff and his posse here met a neighbor of Badgley's, who informed them that he had arrived at home some half hour before, furious, and had barricaded his cabin, and with two rifles, plenty of ammunition, a tomahawk, butcher knife, and two axes, defied the Court, swearing that he would kill all the men Judge Slaughter could send, before he would be taken alive to New Market, and the neighbor said he firmly believed the Captain would do it, for he seemed like one possessed.

"He therefore advised the Sheriff not to jeopardize his life or the lives of his party by acting rashly in the matter, but wait, at least till Badgley had time to cool down a little. So Maj. Franklin and his posse, after a brief consultation, concluded to return and report to the Court. When they arrived at the Judge's seat, and reported no prisoner, his Honor manifested considerably more temper than comports with the dignity of the Bench. He was smarting under the insult, which was gross in the extreme, and without a precedent, and again ordered the Sheriff, in the most peremptory manner, to take a sufficient armed force and fetch Badgley dead or alive. The Sheriff knowing the character of the man he had to deal with, when he was greatly enraged, hesitated. Judge Davidson, also, knew that the consequences would be most serious, and perhaps cost several lives if the order of the Court were faithfully carried out, and so represented it to the Judge.

"Just at this moment, James B. Finley, who was in the Court, and cognizant of the whole procedure, rose to his feet and addressed the Court to the effect that it was no use to go to so much trouble and expense to bring Badgleyinto Court -- that if the Court would give him authority, he would bring Captain Badgley before the Court himself. Finley knew Badgley well, and 'lo'ed him like a vera brither.' He was satisfied that nothing could be done with him by force, situated as he was -- whole mad and no doubt half drunk, and he was equally well convinced that mild means would easily accomplish the object.

"But the Court replied to his proposition that they had no power to appoint a Sheriff whilst that officer was present in person; but through the influence of Judge Davidson, who was Badgley's neighbor, no further order was made, and finely, with the consent of Franklin, started alone to see Badgley. In a few hours he returned with the Captain sober and penitent. He approached the Court, and apologized in a very handsome manner, telling the Court, however, that he would not cringe to, or be trampled upon by mortal man.

"The Court considered the matter, and the President Judge having cooled down and having naturally a kind and forgiving heart, took quite a fancy to Badgley, and whispering in the ear of Judge Davidson his thanks for counseling an abandonment of the violent course which he proposed, said 'Damn the fellow, I like him for his manly independence, and if it was not for outside appearances and effect, I should not fine him a cent.' But to smooth every thing over, the fine above stated was imposed, which the gallant Captain very cheerfully paid, and thanking the Court very courteously, mounted his horse and returned to his cabin in a much better frame of mind than when he left it a few hours before."

(A History of the Early Settlement of Highland County, Ohio by Daniel Scott, Esq. Reprinted by The Hillsborough Gazette. Hillsboro, OH. 1983. pps. 117-8 Quoted from: J. B. Finley's Pioneer Sketches of Early Methodism.)


The "fine" above stated is given as: "It is ordered by the Court that Andrew Badgley be fined in ten dollars for contempt of the said Court while sitting, and by giving security of two persons in the sum of one hundred dollars each for the good behavior for one year.

G.W. Barrere and William Hill came into Court and acknowledged themselves indebted the sum above stated, with this condition, that they be released if the said Andrew Badgley behaves in an orderly manner for one year."

[A History of the Early Settlement of Highland County, Ohio; pps. 117-8.]


  • Created by: Dr. Andree Swanson
  • Added: 10 Jul 2010
  • Find A Grave Memorial 54741682
  • Dr. Andree Swanson
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Capt Andrew Badgley (1 Dec 1771–Aug 1839), Find A Grave Memorial no. 54741682, citing Badgley Cemetery, Mowrystown, Highland County, Ohio, USA ; Maintained by Dr. Andree Swanson (contributor 47094290) .