Gen Otto Kumm

Gen Otto Kumm

Birth
Hamburg-Mitte, Hamburg-Mitte, Hamburg, Germany
Death 23 Mar 2004 (aged 94)
Offenburg, Ortenaukreis, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Burial Weingarten, Landkreis Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Plot Field 10, space A
Memorial ID 53726603 · View Source
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WWII German General - Kumm was a SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS and last commander of the famous 1st SS Division Liebstandarte Adolf Hitler (LSSAH) during World War II. Kumm was also a recipient of the German Cross in Gold and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords - roughly the equivalent of three US Medals of Honor. The Oak Leaves and later the Swords were personally presented to Kumm by Hitler himself. After the war, he became one of the founders and the first head of the SS veteran organization HIAG. He served in the Der Fuhrer Regiment of the Das Reich Division and was involved in anti-partisan activities and was SS-Freiwilligen-Gebirgs Division Prinz Eugen from January 30, 1944 to January 20, 1945.
Kumm took command of the LSSAH in February 1945. As their commander, he and the LSSAH took part in Operation Spring Awakening (March 6, 1945 – March 16, 1945) which was the last major German offensive launched during World War II. Operation Spring Awakening was a failure. After the failure of of this attack, General Joseph "Sepp" Dietrich's 6th SS Panzer Army and the LSSAH retreated to the Vienna area. There they prepared defensive positions in an attempt to protect the city against the fast approaching Soviet Army, in what become known as the Vienna Offensive. But Vienna too, fell and Kumm and the LSSAH were ordered back to Germany to Murwik in Northern Germany near Denmark. It is there that Kumm and the 1st SS LSSAH surrendered to the Allies with the rest of the LSSAH going on to Berlin were they surrendered. Kumm was sentenced to prison after the war but managed to escape from where he was held at Dachau and was never recaptured, though his whereabouts were common knowledge. Kumm went on to become a successful businessman. He was always concerned about his men and the fact that the SS veterans were not afforded the same benefits as veterans of the Luftwaffe, Kreigsmarine and Heer were given which partially lead to his founding and being the first leader of the Waffen-SS veteran organization, HIAG. At the time of his death, Otto Kumm was the last surviving SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS. He was also the last surviving Waffen-SS holder of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords.
General Kumm believed the SS to be the elite German military organization and thus the reason he chose to leave the army and join the SS. Regardless of his political views, he was a heroic, outstanding combat leader and greatly admired by his men.


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  • Created by: Rick Lawrence
  • Added: 15 Jun 2010
  • Find A Grave Memorial 53726603
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Gen Otto Kumm (1 Oct 1909–23 Mar 2004), Find A Grave Memorial no. 53726603, citing Weingarten Friedhof, Weingarten, Landkreis Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany ; Maintained by Rick Lawrence (contributor 47207615) .